Establishment of Colonies in Asia

The European countries established their colonies in many Asian countries.

  • The Portuguese first entered into India and established their colonies in Goa, Daman and Diu.
  • After that the Dutch, French and English had their colonies in India.
  • At last, in the game of power politics, the English became successful and ruled India about two hundred years.
South-East Asia
  • The Portuguese first established their colonies in South-East Asia. They had first occupied Malacca.
  • After that, the Dutch established their colonies in Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Bali.
  • The English also occupied Burma. They got Hongkong from China in 1819.
  • The French received Sigan from China.
  • Russia occupied Arthar harbour and a large portion of Manchuria.
  • Germany occupied Kiachou.

Japan occupied Korea and Formosa.

Central Asia
  • In Central Asia, Russia and England established their colonies. Russia occupied Taskent, Samarkand and Bokhara
  • The northern part of Persia was retained by Russia and its southern part came under the sway of England.
  • Germany could not establish a single colony in this area.