Importance of studying interior of the earth

  • We rely on Earth for valuable resources such as soil, water, metals, industrial minerals, and energy, and we need to know how to find these resources and exploit them sustainably.
  • We can study rocks and the fossils they contain to understand the evolution of our environment and the life within it.
  • We can learn to minimize our risks from earthquakes, volcanoes, slope failures, and damaging storms.
  • We can learn how and why Earth’s climate has changed in the past, and use that knowledge to understand both natural and human-caused climate change.
  • We can recognize how our activities have altered the environment in many ways and the climate in increasingly serious ways, and how to avoid more severe changes in the future.
  • We can use our knowledge of Earth to understand other planets in our solar system, as well as those around distant stars.