What are Biomes?

  • The word biome is a short form of biological home.
  • There is no unanimity among the scientists as for as the definition as well as classification of biome is concerned.
  • Biome may be defined as a large natural eco-system wherein we study the total assemblage of plant and animal communities.
  • Here, all the biota have the minimum common characteristics and all the areas of biomes are characterized by more or less uniform environmental conditions.
  • Though a biome includes both plant and animal communities but a biome is usually identified and named on the basis of its dominant vegetation, which normally constitutes the bulk of the biomass.
  • These vegetations are most obvious and conspicuous visible component of the landscape. By biomass we mean the total weight of all living organisms – plants and animals, found in the biome.

What are Biomes