Intellectual property protection in agriculture

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights  Source: IE  Context: The Delhi HC upheld an order by the Plant Variety Protection and Farmers’ Rights Authority (PPVFRA), revoking the intellectual property protection granted to PepsiCo India with respect to a potato variety developed by it.   What is the case about? It pertains …

Open-source seeds movement

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Agriculture and Issues of Food Security   Source: TH  Context: Inspired by the success of open-source software, a Canadian plant breeder suggested (in 1999) a similar approach to seeds. Background: The advent of hybrid seeds, the growth of the commercial seed industry, scientific plant breeding, etc., conferred plant breeders and developers …

TRIPS waiver:

GS Paper 2: Syllabus: Effects of Policies of developed nations and IP related issues.   TRIPS waiver: Context: A group of non-governmental organisations has written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, urging him to “proactively engage” with a draught proposal at the World Trade Organization-TRIPS in Geneva to waive intellectual property rights governing COVID vaccines, drugs, …

India risks being left out of TRIPS waiver:

GS Paper 3: Topics Covered: IP related issues.   Context: India runs the risk of being excluded from a proposal it co-authored at WTO negotiations, in 2020, to “temporarily waive” IPR held, by primarily Western countries, on vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics for covid-19.   What are the shortcomings that impacted India’s global campaign? During the …

India’s patent waiver plan at WTO and issues associated:

GS Paper 3: Topics Covered: IP Related issues.   India’s patent waiver plan at WTO and issues associated: Context: A proposal was taken up at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) negotiations, in 2020, to “temporarily waive” intellectual property rights (IPR) held, by primarily Western countries, on vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics for covid-19. This proposal was …