Challenges Faced by India’s bioeconomy

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Biotechnology  Source: TH  Context: India’s bioeconomy growth is not in sync with desired funding and policy support. Bioeconomy: It is the economic activity involving the use of biotechnology and biomass in the production of goods, services, or energy.   India’s bioeconomy: According to the DBT’s ‘Bioeconomy Report 2022’ report, India’s bioeconomy …

How does climate affect social issues?

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Indian society   Source: DTE  Context: According to a study, domestic violence will rise as temperatures across the Indian subcontinent spike.   Findings of the study: These findings highlight the vulnerabilities and inequalities of women experiencing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries in the context of global climate …

India’s Green Credit Programme

 GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation   Source: TP  Context: Following the Union Budget 2023-24 announcement, the MoEFCC notified the draft ‘Green Credit Programme (GCP)’ implementation rules 2023. About the Green Credit Programme (GCP): Under this, individuals, industries, FPOs, ULBs, gram panchayats and private sectors, etc., will be able to earn “green …

National Research Foundation (NRF)

GS Paper 2 Syllabus: Statutory Bodies/Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services Relating to Education   Source: PIB  Context: The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM of India, approved the National Research Foundation (NRF) Bill 2023, to give the nation’s scientific research a strategic direction.   Highlights of the Bill: It will establish …

What are flash floods?

GS Paper 1/3  Syllabus: Important Geophysical Phenomena/ Disaster Management   Source: IE  Context: The Chandigarh-Manali highway was blocked following flash floods and landslides in parts of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.   What are flash floods? Excessive or continuous rainfall over a period of days or during particular seasons, can lead to stagnation of water and …

Role of Punjab and Haryana in de-risking the Indian Economy

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Agriculture and related issues   Source: IE  Context: Assured irrigation access has made the two states (Punjab and Haryana) the most reliable producers of rice and wheat, which will matter in a bad monsoon year.   Importance of Punjab and Haryana: Both have been India’s breadbasket and lynchpins of its food …

The Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Infrastructure (Energy)   Source: PIB  Context: The government has amended the Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules 2020 to empower power consumers, ensure a 24X7 reliable electricity supply at affordable cost, etc.   The Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules 2020: The Ministry of Power has promulgated the Rules under the Electricity Act, …

Pollution due to coal-based thermal power generation in India

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Environmental Pollution and Degradation   Source: DTE  Context: One of the most polluting sectors of India – coal-based thermal power generation – was found to be brazenly flouting emission norms.   Emission norms in place: The MoEFCC made it mandatory (in 2015) for thermal power plants to install a flue gas …

Issues with the climate finance mechanisms

GS Paper 2 Syllabus: Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s Interests   Source: IE  Context: The industrialised countries have not walked the talk of financing the climate mitigation and adaptation efforts of the poorer countries.    Why does the burden lie on industrialised countries? Historical responsibility A bulk of …

Prehistoric rock paintings

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH  Context: A Mesolithic period rock painting depicting a person tilling a piece of land has been found in Orvakallu village in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.   Prehistoric rock paintings: The term ‘Prehistory’ refers to the distant past when there was no paper or language, and hence painting and drawing …

Draft livestock and livestock products Bill

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation   Source: IE  Context: The Centre has withdrawn the proposed draft of the Live-stock and Live-stock Product (Importation and Exportation) Bill, 2023.   About the new Bill: The Bill is meant to replace …

Significance of India’s jet engine deal with the US

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Bilateral Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests   Source: TH  Context: A mega defence deal for the manufacture of fighter jet engines in India is expected to dominate the agenda of the Indian PM’s ongoing official State Visit to the US.   About the deal: It will allow American manufacturing …

ICIMOD Report: Water, ice, society, and Ecosystems in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

GS Paper 1/3  Syllabus: Climate/ Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation   Source: DTE  Context: The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) released the Water, Ice, Society, and Ecosystems in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HI-WISE) report.   The Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region: It is a vast area, encompassing mountain ranges stretching from the Hindu …