Development in India’s northeast region

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation   Source: TH  Context: The region comprising India’s eight north-eastern States is undergoing dramatic change.   Dramatic changes witnessed by the region: It has overcome several (but not all) security challenges and is …

Population: Boon or Bane

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population related issues   Source: TH  Context: According to the UNFPA State of World Population (SOWP) Report 2023, China is projected to hand over the baton of the most populous country to India by mid-2023.   Highlights of the UN report: India will have a population of 142.86 crores by mid-2023, …

Critical minerals: Resilient supply chains

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)   Source: IE  Context: A recent working paper evaluated the criticality levels of 43 select minerals for India.   Background: Critical minerals refer to mineral resources, both primary and processed, that are Economically important/demand-side factors (to …

Cartelization among domestic tyre manufacturers

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Effects of Liberalisation on the Economy   Source: TH   Context: The Supreme Court issued notices to five tyre companies and the industry body Automotive Tyre Manufacturers’ Association (ATMA).   Background: The All-India Tyre Dealers Federation (AITDF) in a reference to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) alleged 5 tyre companies …

UN population report: India becomes world’s most populous nation

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: IE  Context: According to the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) State of World Population (SOWP) report 2023 – ‘8 Billion Lives, Infinite Possibilities’ – India is now the most populous country in the world.   Highlights of the report:   India specific findings India now …

The issue of narcotics trade

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism   Source: IE  Context: The issue of narcotics trade has kept security agencies and law enforcement agencies on the tenterhooks.   Background: Legally speaking, the term “narcotic” has negative connotations – narcotic drugs (such as heroin) …

Issues in same-sex marriage

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections   Source: IE  Context: A five-judge Constitution Bench headed by CJI will hear a batch of petitions seeking legal recognition for same-sex marriage.   Background: The Court has been hearing multiple petitioners’ requests for legal recognition …

Heat stroke

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Important geophysical phenomenon/Disaster management   Source: IE  Context: 13 people died due to heatstroke after they attended a large public gathering in the open in Kharghar, Navi Mumbai.     Why did a heat stroke event happen in Maharashtra? Two different observatories recorded 34.1 and 38 degrees Celsius as the maximum …

Can we democratise tiger conservation in India?

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation   Source: TH  Context: As India celebrates 50 years of its Project Tiger (1973), there is a need to reflect on what needs to change in conservation practice in India.   Background: The Tiger is an “umbrella species”. Hence, saving the tiger means saving the entire …

Pollution in Ganga

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation   Source: DTE  Context: According to the Ministry of Jal Shakti, though the Namami Gange Programme has been able to reduce the overall pollution load in the Ganga River, the river still remains polluted.   Namami Gange Programme: It is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as …

The link between ‘flash droughts’ and climate change

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Important Geophysical Phenomena   Source: IE    Context: According to a new study, flash droughts are becoming more common and faster to develop around the world, and human-caused climate change is a major reason.     Highlights of the study: Flash droughts occurred more often than slower ones in tropical/humid places …

Dr B R Ambedkar

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country   Source: PIB, IE, IE His Contributions:       Differences in the view of Ambedkar and Gandhiji:   Despite their differences, both Ambedkar and Gandhi were important leaders in the fight for Indian independence …

El Nino and Monsoon

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Important Geophysical Phenomena   Source: HT  Context: According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), there is nearly a 70% probability of an El Nino developing this monsoon. Understanding La Nina and El Nino:   Summary of the 2023 Southwest Monsoon Season Rainfall: According to the IMD, the country as a whole …