China’s population drops for the first time in 60 years: How this happened and its implications

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: TH  Direction: The article highlights the shifts in the population of India (increasing) and China (decreasing) and the implications of the shift.   Context: According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, its population fell to 1,411.8 million in 2022, from 1,412.6 million in the previous …

Insights into Editorial: Fertility rate falls to below replacement level, signals population is stabilizing

    Context: According to the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) released by the Union Health Ministry, coming on the back of a sustained family planning programme spanning decades, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), or the average number of children per woman, has declined further from 2.2 reported in 2015-16 to 2.0 at the …

NFHS Survey:

GS Paper 2: Topics Covered: Issues related to Health.   Context: The National Family and Health Survey (NFHS)-5, the most comprehensive survey on socio-economic and health indicators in the country, has been released. The previous four rounds of the NFHS were conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99, 2005-06 and 2015-16.   Highlights of the Report: Women outnumber men, …

A study on world population trends

Topics Covered: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. A study on world population trends A study was conducted by researchers at University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). It analysed population trends in 195 countries. It used data from the Global Burden of Disease Study …