Nilgiri Tahr

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: The Tamil Nadu government is conducting a three-day survey to estimate the population of the Nilgiri Tahr, a species listed as endangered by the IUCN  

Neptis philyra

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI  Context: Butterfly enthusiasts made a remarkable discovery in Tale Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, Lower Subansiri district, India, spotting the elusive Neptis philyra, also known as the long-streak sailor, for the first time in the country. The butterfly, initially described in Russia in 1859, is native to East Asia but …

Gray Slender Loris

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: The Print  Context: A Gray Slender Loris was rescued by forest officials in North Goa.  

Baobab trees

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: The Global Society for the Preservation of Baobabs and Mangroves (GSPBM) has launched a pioneering initiative to revive Madagascar’s iconic baobab trees.   Previous News about Baobab Trees:

Spotted deer

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The introduction of chital, or spotted deer, to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the early 1900s for game hunting by the British has resulted in a population explosion that now poses a significant problem for authorities. But now the chital population exceeding the carrying capacity of …

Criollo

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE   Context: A recent research on Criollo cattle, a breed developed in the New World from Iberian ancestors suggested that Criollo cattle possess various climate-adaptive traits, making them well-suited to survive and thrive in a warming world. These traits include a short, slick-hair coat for improved thermotolerance, as …

Butterfly Cicada

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Shillong Times  Context: A new species of cicada, informally named the “Butterfly Cicada,” has been discovered in Meghalaya, marking the first-ever record of the genus Becquartina in India. The genus Becquartina is represented by six species found distributed in China, Thailand, and Vietnam, often referred to as “Butterfly cicadas” …

Supreme Court Eases Ban on Power Lines in Great Indian Bustard Habitat

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Hindustan Times   Context: The Supreme Court has eased the ban on high-power transmission lines within the habitat of the endangered Great Indian Bustard (GIB) in Rajasthan and Gujarat. This decision comes after the formation of an expert committee tasked with balancing conservation efforts and development goals. The GIB, …

Right whales

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: A recent study reveals that even minor entanglements in fishing gear can have devastating effects on female North Atlantic right whales, potentially preventing them from breeding. These findings highlight the urgent need for ropeless fishing gear to mitigate threats to the survival of this critically endangered …

Bugun Liocichla

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Deccan Herald   Context: The Bugun tribe in Arunachal Pradesh has demonstrated exemplary conservation efforts by donating 1,470 hectares of forest land to the state forest department for the protection of the critically endangered songbird Bugun Liocichla. This species, discovered in 2006, faces threats from deforestation and hunting.  

Golden langur

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH  Context: The latest survey estimates that there are approximately 7,396 golden langurs in India. The survey was carried out in two phases, covering the Manas Biosphere Reserve and fragmented forests in western Assam.

Parasitoid wasp

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: Entomologists from the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) have discovered a new species of parasitoid wasp in the Western Ghats region of Karnataka. Named Taeniogonalos deepaki, it was discovered in the Belgaum region and named after the medical doctor and nature …

Cycas circinalis

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Cycas circinalis, also known as Eenthu Pana in Kerala, is facing extinction in northern Kerala due to an unknown and fast-spreading plant disease. These trees, known for their medicinal and nutritional properties, are dying out without a focused research and action plan.   Cycas circinalis, also known …

North Atlantic right whales

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: LiveScience    Context: North Atlantic right whales, the most endangered of their species, are experiencing a decrease in size, impacting their ability to reproduce. A study found that smaller females had fewer calves, with body length significantly influencing the probability of giving birth. The decline in size is attributed …

Indian Gharial

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI  Context: The Indian Gharial, a critically endangered crocodile species, has been sighted in the Greater Kaziranga landscape for the third consecutive year. Kaziranga’s abundance of freshwater fish species makes it one of the best habitats for gharials.  

Green anaconda

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Researchers have discovered that the green anaconda, previously thought to be a single species, actually consists of two genetically distinct species: the “southern green anaconda” (Eunectes murinus) and the newly identified “northern green anaconda” (Eunectes akayima). The northern green anaconda is found in countries such as Ecuador, …

Kaji Nemu

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times   Context: The Assam government has declared ‘Kaji Nemu’ (Citrus Limon) as the state fruit, highlighting its unique aroma, antioxidant properties, and significance in local cuisines. Known for its juiciness and medicinal properties, Kaji Nemu has attracted buyers from countries like the United Kingdom and the United …

Black-necked Crane

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB  Context: The Wildlife Institute of India and the Zoological Survey of India have been conducting assessments of the black-necked crane population.