Integrated tribal development programme

Source: TH Context: NABARD is set to launch an integrated tribal development programme in Kerala marking its first initiative in the region. Implemented by the environment organization Thanal, the five-year project aims to enhance the livelihoods of 413 tribal families in eight hamlets through sustainable agriculture and various income-generating activities.   Previous Initiatives: NABARD and …

Supreme Court Guidelines on Stereotyping Differently-Abled Persons in Films and Media

Syllabus: Indian Society/ Social Justice Context: The Supreme Court of India, led by Chief Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, has issued a landmark judgment addressing the portrayal of differently-abled individuals in visual media and films.   What did the SC say? The Supreme Court observed that stereotyping differently-abled persons perpetuates discrimination and inequality. The judgment was in …

Childcare leave

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: The Supreme Court declared that denying childcare leaves to mothers of children with disabilities violates the state’s constitutional duty to ensure gender equality in the workforce. The court emphasized that women’s participation in the workforce is a constitutional requirement under Article 15, and denying childcare leaves …

Health drinks

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Business Line  Context: The Indian government, has instructed e-commerce platforms to stop categorizing certain beverages, including Bournvita, as “health drinks” on their sites. This directive follows clarification from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) that there are no defined standards for the term “health drink.” The …

World Poverty Clock

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Business Line  Context: India has made significant progress in reducing extreme poverty, with less than 3% of its population now living below the poverty line, according to the latest data from the World Poverty Clock. This achievement aligns with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of ending extreme …

Purple Fest 2024

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB Context: The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Government of India, organized Purple Fest 2024 at Rashtrapati Bhawan, celebrating diversity and unity. Major launches included the “INDIA NEURODIVERSITY PLATFORM” and a handbook addressing language barriers.

Shompen tribe

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: BBC  Context: Experts warn that the development of Great Nicobar into a shipping hub and tourist destination could lead to the extinction of the indigenous Shompen tribe. The $9 billion development plan could introduce 650,000 people to the island, increasing the risk of contact and diseases that could devastate …

SWATI

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: On the International Day for Girls and Women in Science, a new initiative named SWATI (Science For Women: A Technology & Innovation) was launched by a panel representing India’s science academies.   Developed, hosted and maintained by the National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), New Delhi. …

Kutia Kondh tribe

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Two individuals from the Kutia Kondh community, considered one of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in Odisha, have been invited as special guests to attend the Republic Day parade in New Delhi. Every year, representatives from PVTGs are invited by the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs …

Soligas and Yeravas

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: The Soligas and Yeravas, indigenous groups living in the Western Ghats, forage foods from the biodiversity-rich region, forming a significant part of their diets. The recently launched book “Forgotten Trails: Foraging Wild Edibles” chronicles the diverse foods foraged by these tribes, emphasizing the importance of preserving traditional …

Leave benefits for women in the armed forces

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH Context: The Defence Minister has approved a proposal to provide maternity, childcare, and child adoption leave to women soldiers, sailors, and air warriors, bringing their leave benefits in line with officers in the armed forces. This decision aims to promote the “inclusive participation” of women in the military, …

SC struck down 2023 amendment to Surrogacy (Regulation) Rules, 2022

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Supreme Court has intervened to protect a woman’s right to parenthood who suffers from a rare medical condition known as Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome which left her without ovaries and a uterus, making it impossible for her to produce her own eggs for reproduction. …

Manual scavenging

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Deccan Herald  Context: The Supreme Court of India has expressed distress over deaths occurring during sewer cleaning due to the practice of manual scavenging and issued a directive to government authorities. Over the past five years, 347 people have lost their lives while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in …

Purple economy

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Business Line  Context: Shanti Raghavan, the recipient of the Business Line Changemakers Award in 2020, leads the organization EnAble India. They are working on creating a ‘purple economy,’ which promotes disability inclusion and job opportunities on a large scale.   What is the Care Economy? It refers to the …

Global Hunger Index

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: In the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023, India has been ranked 111th out of 125 countries, indicating a serious level of hunger. The GHI score is based on four indicators, including under-nourishment, child stunting, child wasting, and child mortality. India’s progress in combating hunger has almost come …