Shompen tribe

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: BBC  Context: Experts warn that the development of Great Nicobar into a shipping hub and tourist destination could lead to the extinction of the indigenous Shompen tribe. The $9 billion development plan could introduce 650,000 people to the island, increasing the risk of contact and diseases that could devastate …

SWATI

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: On the International Day for Girls and Women in Science, a new initiative named SWATI (Science For Women: A Technology & Innovation) was launched by a panel representing India’s science academies.   Developed, hosted and maintained by the National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), New Delhi. …

Kutia Kondh tribe

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Two individuals from the Kutia Kondh community, considered one of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in Odisha, have been invited as special guests to attend the Republic Day parade in New Delhi. Every year, representatives from PVTGs are invited by the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs …

Soligas and Yeravas

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: The Soligas and Yeravas, indigenous groups living in the Western Ghats, forage foods from the biodiversity-rich region, forming a significant part of their diets. The recently launched book “Forgotten Trails: Foraging Wild Edibles” chronicles the diverse foods foraged by these tribes, emphasizing the importance of preserving traditional …

Divya Kala Mela 2023

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB    Context: The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) is set to inaugurate the Divya Kala Mela 2023 in Bengaluru. ‘Divya Kala Melas’ organized across India is part of the initiative to empower Persons with Disabilities (PwD) during the year 2023-2024.    About Divya Kala Mela: …

Leave benefits for women in the armed forces

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH Context: The Defence Minister has approved a proposal to provide maternity, childcare, and child adoption leave to women soldiers, sailors, and air warriors, bringing their leave benefits in line with officers in the armed forces. This decision aims to promote the “inclusive participation” of women in the military, …

SC struck down 2023 amendment to Surrogacy (Regulation) Rules, 2022

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Supreme Court has intervened to protect a woman’s right to parenthood who suffers from a rare medical condition known as Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome which left her without ovaries and a uterus, making it impossible for her to produce her own eggs for reproduction. …

Manual scavenging

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Deccan Herald  Context: The Supreme Court of India has expressed distress over deaths occurring during sewer cleaning due to the practice of manual scavenging and issued a directive to government authorities. Over the past five years, 347 people have lost their lives while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in …

Purple economy

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Business Line  Context: Shanti Raghavan, the recipient of the Business Line Changemakers Award in 2020, leads the organization EnAble India. They are working on creating a ‘purple economy,’ which promotes disability inclusion and job opportunities on a large scale.   What is the Care Economy? It refers to the …

Global Hunger Index

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: In the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023, India has been ranked 111th out of 125 countries, indicating a serious level of hunger. The GHI score is based on four indicators, including under-nourishment, child stunting, child wasting, and child mortality. India’s progress in combating hunger has almost come …

Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Indian government has introduced a national protocol called the ‘Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children’ aimed at identifying and providing comprehensive care for malnourished children in the country. The protocol was launched by the Union Minister for Women and Child Development.   Features: It outlines …

Habitat rights

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The Baiga Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) in Chhattisgarh has been granted habitat rights, making it the second PVTG to receive such rights in the state. Out of 75 PVTGs in India, only three have received habitat rights, including the Bharia PVTG in Madhya Pradesh, the Kamar …

Tele-MANAS

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: India’s Tele-MANAS, a round-the-clock mental health helpline launched on World Mental Health Day in 2022, has received over 3,40,000 calls from 32 states and union territories. The helpline was initiated in response to the increased mental health challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, providing essential …

Central Tribal University

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: IE Context: The Prime Minister has announced the establishment of a Central Tribal University in Telangana’s Mulugu district, with a project cost of Rs 900 crore. The university will be named after tribal goddesses Samakka and Sarakka. This initiative is aimed at benefiting the youth, particularly those from tribal communities. …

Offspring of Void/voidable Marriages Entitled to Ancestral Property

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The Supreme Court has ruled that children born from void or voidable marriages have the right to claim a share of their parents’ ancestral property. However, this right is limited to their parents’ share within the Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) governed by Mitakshara Law and does not …

Omission of disability-related questions from NFHS-6

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Social Justice – Persons With Disabilities   Source: IE Context: The decision to omit disability-related questions from the sixth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-6) has raised concerns about the understanding and representation of disability issues in India. Persons with disabilities make up around 2.21% of the country’s population, …

Nikah halala

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH Context: The Law Commission has asked the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) to clarify its stance on nikah halala and muta, contentious forms of marriage, as well as the Islamic law’s stance on the minimum age for marriage. This inquiry arises due to Supreme Court petitions …

Scheduled Caste (SC) status for Dalit Christians

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Government Policies and Interventions   Source: TH  Context: The Union Government established a commission, led by former Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan, to explore the possibility of granting Scheduled Caste (SC) status to Dalit Christians. The Tamil Nadu Assembly passed a resolution to amend the 1950 Presidential (SC) order to include them. …

Persons with Disabilities

  Source: TH   Context: The Union government is facing criticism from rights activists and the Opposition for omitting disability-related questions in the sixth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS). The government’s response to the Parliamentary committee’s earlier recommendations explained that data on PwDs is primarily derived from decennial censuses and sample surveys …