Demographic Dividend and unemployment problems in India, China

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: IE  Context: The current median Indian age of 28, as compared to China’s 39, suggests that India will continue to enjoy its demographic advantage up to the end of this century.   Case of China: China’s youth population was declining and the ageing population was …

UN population report: India becomes world’s most populous nation

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: IE  Context: According to the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) State of World Population (SOWP) report 2023 – ‘8 Billion Lives, Infinite Possibilities’ – India is now the most populous country in the world.   Highlights of the report:   India specific findings India now …

Decoding India’s population conundrum

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: TH  Direction:  This is from ‘The Hindu Podcast’, it discusses the advantages and disadvantages of India becoming the world’s most populous nation in 2023.    Context: 2023 is set to be a landmark year for India’s population trajectory, as the country is predicted to overtake …

China’s population drops for the first time in 60 years: How this happened and its implications

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: TH  Direction: The article highlights the shifts in the population of India (increasing) and China (decreasing) and the implications of the shift.   Context: According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, its population fell to 1,411.8 million in 2022, from 1,412.6 million in the previous …