Alternate Dispute Redressal System (ADR): Arbitration Guidelines

Syllabus: Polity: Judiciary  Source: Live Law, IE  Context: The Department of Expenditure under the Ministry of Finance released guidelines for using arbitration and mediation in domestic public procurement contracts.   More about the Guidelines: Aim: Guidelines aim to streamline the dispute resolution process for domestic procurement by government entities and address unique challenges in arbitration. …

Mercy petition

 Source; TH Context: The President of India has rejected the mercy plea of a member of the banned group Lashkar-e-Taiba convicted for the 2000 Red Fort attack.   About Mercy Petition: A mercy petition is a formal request made by a person sentenced to death or imprisonment seeking leniency from the President or Governor. This …

Form 17C

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: NDTV   Context: A dispute has arisen over the Election Commission’s (EC) handling of voter turnout data, particularly related to Form 17C. Form 17C records detailed polling data, including the number of votes cast and rejected at each booth. The Commission maintained there is no legal mandate for it to make …

Article 31C

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The Supreme Court is hearing a case regarding Chapter VIII-A of the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Act, 1976. This chapter allows the government to acquire dilapidated buildings in Mumbai to distribute resources for the common good, citing Article 39(b). The debate revolves around whether private property …

Star campaigners

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: Several political parties have released the list of their star campaigners for the upcoming Lok Sabha General Elections. The Representation of the People Act, 1951, defines rules around star campaigners, who are leaders of political parties appointed for campaigning. A recognised political party can appoint a …

Curative petition

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE    Context: The Supreme Court’s decision to allow a curative writ petition in the DMRC case signifies an expansion of its powers beyond constitutionally prescribed processes. The curative writ, a sparingly used judicial innovation, aims to correct grave miscarriages of justice, as established in the 2002 Rupa Hurra …

Suvidha Portal

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB   Context: Since the announcement of General Elections 2024, over 73,000 applications have been received on the Suvidha Portal, with more than 44,600 requests approved. The portal ensures transparency and a level playing field for political parties and candidates by adhering to the First in First out principle. …

Draft model rules for childbirth registration

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: LM  Context: The Home Ministry has drafted Model Rules requiring parents to record their religion separately when registering the birth of a child, departing from the previous practice of recording the family’s religion. The Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2023, allows the birth certificate to serve as …

Political parties’ symbols

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: The Election Commission of India (ECI) allocates symbols to political parties and candidates based on the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Recognized parties have reserved symbols, while unrecognised parties are allotted free symbols during elections. Unrecognised parties can apply for a common symbol if …

Preventive detention

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times   Context: The Supreme Court emphasized the need to prevent the arbitrary use of preventive detention powers, overturning a Telangana High Court decision. It clarified that preventive detention is meant to avert future harm, not as a form of punishment, and should be based on careful consideration …

Postal ballots

  Source: TH  Context: The Election Commission of India has announced the provision of postal ballots for absentee voters from essential services in Tamil Nadu. Workers from various sectors including Mercantile Marine, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, Chennai Metro Rail Limited, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Food Corporation of India, Zonal Office (South), and the media …

Model Code of Conduct

Facts for Prelims (FFP)       Source: IE     Context: The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) has been enforced by the Election Commission of India (ECI) for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, beginning from the announcement of the election schedule until the declaration of results. This code regulates the behaviour of political parties …