Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) for organic products

 Source: PIB Context: India and Taiwan have implemented a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) for organic products. This MRA, the first bilateral agreement for organic products between the two nations, involves the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) of India and the Agriculture and Food Agency (AFA) of Taiwan. Under this agreement, organic …

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Source: PIB Context: At the 132nd session of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Council in London, India led global maritime discussions.   The delegation proposed the establishment of the South Asian Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Maritime Transport (SACE-SMarT), aiming to advance environmentally sustainable and technologically proficient maritime practices in the region.  

Kartarpur Corridor

Context: Pakistan has completed the 420-meter-long bridge at the zero line of the Kartarpur Corridor after a delay of two and a half years. The bridge was necessary due to the area’s susceptibility to flooding, ensuring a safe passage for visitors to the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib.   About Kartarpur Corridor: Connects Darbar Sahib Gurdwara in …

22nd India-Russia Annual Summit: India-Russia Relations

Syllabus: Bilateral Relationship Context: The Prime Minister of India co-chaired the 22nd India-Russia Annual Summit with the President of Russia in Moscow.   Key outcomes of the summit:  Trade and Economic Partnership: Set a bilateral trade target of USD 100 billion by 2030. Promote bilateral settlements using national currencies. Expand energy cooperation in nuclear, oil, …

India-Myanmar Relations Amidst Evolving Situation in Myanmar

Syllabus: International Relations Source: TH Context: The conflict between ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) and the military junta in Myanmar has created a serious humanitarian crisis, which the United Nations Security Council took up for discussion on July 3.   Background of the crisis:  The crisis in Myanmar originated primarily from the military’s seizure of power …

Colombo Process

Source: The Print Context: India chaired the first meeting of the Colombo Process in Geneva, marking its first time at the helm.   About the Colombo Process: It is a regional consultative forum comprising 12 Asian member states and aims to share best practices related to overseas employment for South and Southeast Asian countries that …

Tibet-China Dispute Act Passed by US Congress

Syllabus: International Relations Source: BS   Context: US Congress recently, passed the “Promoting a Resolution to the Tibet-China Dispute Act,” aimed at countering China’s historical claims over Tibet and promoting dialogue between Beijing and the Dalai Lama.   What does the Policy say?   The Act states that US policy requires the Tibet-China dispute to …

Space MAITRI

Source: TOI  Context:  ISRO is set to launch the 450kg Optimus spacecraft, Australia’s largest designed and built spacecraft, on its Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV). This mission, named Space MAITRI (Mission for Australia-India’s Technology, Research, and Innovation), marks a significant collaboration between NewSpace India Limited (NSIL) and Australia’s Space Machines Company. The mission underscores the …

Indus Water Treaty and Related Issues

Syllabus: International Relations: India’s Neighbourhood Source: TH   Context: A Pakistani delegation arrived in Jammu’s Kishtwar district to inspect hydroelectric power projects (Kishanganga HEP on the Jhelum River basin and Ratle HEP on the Chenab River) under the Indus Water Treaty, amidst ongoing disputes over technical objections raised by Pakistan regarding certain projects. This visit …

India-Bangladesh Relations: State Visit of the Prime Minister of Bangladesh to India

Syllabus: International Relations: India-Bangladesh Relations  Source: PIB  Context: Recently, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh visited India for 2-day state visit.   Key Highlights of the Bilateral Meet:   Dimensions of India-Bangladesh Relations:   Issues between the two countries: Illegal Migration: Concerns over illegal migration from Bangladesh to India, impacting resources and security, including Rohingya refugees …

Two Decades of Quad: Diplomacy and Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

Syllabus: International Relations Source: ORF Context: A report has been released on the TWO DECADES OF THE QUAD: Diplomacy & Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific What is QUAD? The Quad, or Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, is a strategic partnership between Australia, India, Japan, and the US. It is not a military alliance or mutual defense agreement. It …