Salmonella contamination in spices

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Business Standard    Context: Over the past six months, US customs authorities have rejected 31% of all spice-related shipments from Mahashian Di Hatti (MDH) due to salmonella contamination concerns.  

National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO)-ID

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: The Union Health Ministry has mandated that all cases of organ transplants, whether from living or deceased donors, must be assigned a unique National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO)-ID for both the donor and the recipient. This directive aims to curb commercial dealings in organs, …

Kala Azar

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: India achieved a significant milestone in the fight against Kala Azar in 2023 by reporting less than one case per 10,000 population across all blocks, marking the first time it met its elimination target. The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme reported 595 cases and four deaths …

Diphtheria

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Financial Express  Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) has released new guidelines for the clinical management of diphtheria, addressing the urgent need for evidence-based practices in response to outbreaks in Nigeria, Guinea, and neighbouring countries in 2023. The guidelines include recommendations on the use of Diphtheria Antitoxin (DAT) and …

Leptospirosis

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH   Context: Leptospirosis is a dangerous infectious disease that has become significant worldwide, especially during monsoon season. It is caused by the bacterium Leptospira interrogans and is primarily transmitted to humans through contact with the urine of infected animals. The disease is more prevalent in warm, humid countries and …

Super-engineered vaccines created to help end polio

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: BBC  Context: Scientists have “super-engineered” polio vaccines to prevent them from mutating into a dangerous form that can cause outbreaks and paralysis. The wild poliovirus is currently limited to small pockets in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and oral vaccines play a crucial role in eradicating polio worldwide. However, the oral …

Govt bans 14 fixed-dose combination drugs

Facts For Prelims:  Source: Firstpost   Context: The government has banned 14 fixed-dose combination drugs citing there is “no therapeutic justification” for these medicines and that they may involve “risk” to people. The decision was taken on the basis of the recommendations of an expert committee and the Drugs Technical Advisory Board. Prohibit the manufacture, …

Chytridiomycosis

  Source: TH    Context: A new study has now developed a method to detect all known strains of a disease-killing frog’s world over, caused by the amphibian chytrid fungus. Chytridiomycosis, or “chytrid” for short, has driven severe declines in over 500 frog species and caused 90 extinctions, including seven in Australia. The extreme rate …

Policy on rare diseases

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: ET Context: The Delhi HC constituted a five-member ‘National Rare Diseases Committee’ to implement the National Rare Disease Policy-2021 efficiently and to “ensure that the benefits of the policy reach the ultimate patients of rare disease”.    Rare Diseases A rare disease, also referred to as an orphan disease, is …

Clinical trial

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology – Health   Source: TH  Context: The speedy approval of Covid-19 vaccines during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic highlighted the importance of clinical trials.   What is a Clinical Trial?  A clinical trial is a research study conducted on human participants to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and/or effectiveness of an intervention such as …

Plant fungus infecting humans

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: DTE  Context: The first case of a plant fungus called Chondrostereum purpureum infecting human beings has been reported from Kolkata. The fungus is known to cause Silver leaf disease in plants, especially in species of rose families. However, there were no reported instances of this fungus infecting human beings from any part of …

[Mission 2023] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 27 March 2023

InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions ina your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their …

Guidelines on medical negligence under consideration says Union Health Ministry

GS Paper 2 Syllabus: Social Justice – Health   Source: The Hindu Context: The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken into consideration the healthcare sector’s long-standing demand to frame guidelines for determining medical negligence cases. Background: It has been more than 17 years since the Supreme Court, for the first time in …