Nor’westers

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: India is establishing its first research testbed to study severe thunderstorms known as Nor’westers, primarily affecting the eastern and northeastern regions. It is a collaboration between the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, and the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting …

Sahul

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times    Context: Recent archaeological findings have revealed an ancient, Atlantis-like supercontinent named Sahul, which facilitated human migration from Asia to Australia around 70,000 years ago. This landmass was exposed during the last ice age due to lower sea levels and connected present-day Australia, Papua New Guinea, and …

UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: NewsOnAir  Context: The Ramcharitmanas, Panchatantra, and Sahṛdayāloka-Locana have been added to UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register, celebrating India’s rich literary heritage and cultural legacy.     About UNESCO’s Memory of the World Asia-Pacific Regional Register: Launched in 1992. It consists of three Registers namely, International, Regional and …

Raja Ravi Varma

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: On the occasion of Raja Ravi Varma’s 176th birth anniversary celebrations, the first true copy of his painting “Indulekha” was unveiled at Kilimanoor Palace, Kerala – where the artist was born. The oil painting portrays Indulekha holding a letter addressed to her lover, Madhavan, dated 1892, …

Impact of GI-certified products

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: NABARD has initiated a study to evaluate the impact of Geographical Indication (GI) products. This study aims to assess the benefits received by artisans and producers due to GI tags.  

Ross Ice Shelf

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: NDTV    Context: Researchers have discovered that the massive Ross Ice Shelf makes sudden jumps twice a day. These sudden shifts, akin to tremors along earthquake faults, could weaken the Ross Ice Shelf over time, potentially accelerating ice melt rates and contributing to sea level rise. A sudden jump …

Mount Ruang

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI  Context: Indonesian authorities issued a tsunami alert after Mount Ruang volcano erupted five times, expelling ash and lava. The Centre for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation issued the highest-level alert, warning of potential hazards including the collapse of the volcano into the sea, which could trigger a tsunami. …

Fourth global mass coral bleaching event

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch (CRW) and the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) have confirmed the occurrence of the fourth global mass coral bleaching event in 2023-2024. This event, the second in the last decade, coincides with unprecedented ocean heat recorded in 2023 and 2024.

Giant rogue waves

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PHYS.ORG  Context: A University of Melbourne expedition to the Southern Ocean has uncovered that wind is a significant factor in the creation of massive rogue waves. The team utilized advanced technology to capture three-dimensional images of ocean waves, revealing insights into their behaviour. They found that rogue waves arise …

Kuchipudi

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Kuchipudi, a traditional dance-drama performance, has evolved from being male-dominated to a classical dance form with the prominence of female dancers across India. However, in the village of Kuchipudi in Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh, the art form faces challenges, including a lack of interest among the younger …

Southern Ocean

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: The Southern Ocean is known for having the cleanest air on Earth, a fact previously attributed mainly to minimal human activity. However, recent research has unveiled that clouds and rain play a significant role in keeping the air pristine. Role of clouds: The Southern Ocean experiences …

Ikshvaku-era

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: Recently around 3,730 lead coins were unearthed in an earthen pot at Phanigiri, a renowned Buddhist heritage site in Telangana. The coins, bearing an elephant symbol on the obverse and a Ujjain symbol on the reverse, are believed to belong to the Ikshvaku period. Phanigiri is considered …

5,200-year-old Harappan settlement

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: Archaeologists, have unearthed a 5,200-year-old Harappan settlement at Padta Bet in Gujarat’s Kachchh district, near the Juna Khatiya necropolis. The excavation revealed evidence of Early Harappan to Late Harappan period occupation, including pottery, artefacts, animal bones, and structural remains. Unique ceramics suggest a local pottery tradition, …

Negative leap second

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE   Context: A recent study suggests that the accelerated melting of glaciers and ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica due to climate change is affecting Earth’s rotation, potentially postponing the need for a “negative leap second” to keep clocks aligned with Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).   As the …

Swell waves

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Coastal areas in southern and central Kerala experienced inundation from swell waves, locally known as ‘Kallakkadal,’ prompting alertness from disaster management authorities. The phenomenon is not common for this time of the year, as noted by the fishing community.

100 Years of Vaikom satyagraha

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The Vaikom satyagraha, initiated in 1924 in Vaikom, Travancore, marked the beginning of temple entry movements in India  

Mohiniyattam

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Deccan Herald  Context: The Kerala Kalamandalam, a prestigious cultural institution, has announced a significant policy change allowing male dancers to learn Mohiniyattam, a classical dance form previously reserved exclusively for women.

Archaeological Survey of India

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has decided to delist 18 centrally protected monuments due to their assessed lack of national importance. This is the first large-scale delisting exercise in decades, reducing ASI’s purview from 3,693 to 3,675 monuments. These monuments, including landmarks like the medieval highway …