Anthropocene epoch: What it means, significance

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Geomorphology   Source: IE  Context: According to the Anthropocene Working Group (AWG), sediments at Crawford Lake in Canada’s Ontario have provided evidence of the beginning of the Anthropocene epoch.   AWG: It is an interdisciplinary research group dedicated to the study of the Anthropocene as a geological time unit. It was …

Impact of India’s demographic journey on Women’s Lives

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Role of Women and Women’s Organization   Source: TH  Context: World Population Day (July 11) is a time to look at how India’s demographic journey has changed the lives of its citizens, particularly its women.   India’s population: It grew from about 340 million at Independence to 4 billion. This growth …

How Indian assimilation and secularism is better than French?

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Effects of Globalization on Indian Society/ Social Empowerment, Communalism, Regionalism & Secularism   Source: IE  Context: After the police killed a teenager (Nahel) of Algerian descent in Nanterre (France), violent protests spread across France. France’s ethnic composition: France is one of the most racially and ethnically diverse countries in Europe. At …

How does climate affect social issues?

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Indian society   Source: DTE  Context: According to a study, domestic violence will rise as temperatures across the Indian subcontinent spike.   Findings of the study: These findings highlight the vulnerabilities and inequalities of women experiencing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries in the context of global climate …

Prehistoric rock paintings

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: TH  Context: A Mesolithic period rock painting depicting a person tilling a piece of land has been found in Orvakallu village in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.   Prehistoric rock paintings: The term ‘Prehistory’ refers to the distant past when there was no paper or language, and hence painting and drawing …

Demographic Dividend and unemployment problems in India, China

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population and Associated Issues   Source: IE  Context: The current median Indian age of 28, as compared to China’s 39, suggests that India will continue to enjoy its demographic advantage up to the end of this century.   Case of China: China’s youth population was declining and the ageing population was …

Insufficient Representation of Women in India’s Workforce

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Role of women   Source: BBC  Context: India surpassed China as the world’s most populous country, which led analysts to highlight the potential benefits of India’s demographic dividend. A major obstacle to realising this potential: Insufficient representation of women in India’s workforce. Significance of more women in the workforce: India could …

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore

GS Paper 1   Syllabus: Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues   Source: PIB  Context: The 162nd birth anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was celebrated across the globe on May 7.   Insta Links: Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore   Prelims Links: (UPSC 2021)

Cyclones: How are cyclones formed and named?

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Important Geophysical Phenomena such as cyclones etc.   Source: IE   Context: According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), a cyclonic/low-pressure area is developing in the Bay of Bengal and may intensify into a cyclonic storm.   What this weather system be called? Cyclone Mocha (pronounced ‘Mokha’) –  a name suggested …

El Niño likely to bring extreme weather across the world

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Important Geophysical Phenomena   Source: HT  Context: According to the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), the world should prepare for the development of El Niño, which is often associated with increased heat, drought or rainfall in different parts of the world.   Background: La Niña has now ended after persisting for three …

Smart Cities Mission

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Developmental issues, Urbanization, their problems and their remedies   Source: IE  Context: The Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry (MoHUA) has extended the deadline for the Smart Cities Mission from June 2023 to June 2024.   What is the Smart Cities Mission? It is an initiative of the MoHUA launched as …

World Development Report 2023: Migrants, Refugees, and Societies

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population and associated issues   Source: DTE  Context: The ‘World Development Report 2023: Migrants, Refugees, and Societies’ was recently released by the World Bank.   The World Development Report (WDR): It is an annual report published since 1978 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) or World Bank. It …

Population: Boon or Bane

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Population related issues   Source: TH  Context: According to the UNFPA State of World Population (SOWP) Report 2023, China is projected to hand over the baton of the most populous country to India by mid-2023.   Highlights of the UN report: India will have a population of 142.86 crores by mid-2023, …

Critical minerals: Resilient supply chains

GS Paper 1  Syllabus: Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)   Source: IE  Context: A recent working paper evaluated the criticality levels of 43 select minerals for India.   Background: Critical minerals refer to mineral resources, both primary and processed, that are Economically important/demand-side factors (to …