Brazil’s Pantanal wetlands

 Source: CNN  Context: Brazil’s Pantanal wetlands are facing an unprecedented surge in wildfires due to extremely dry conditions. What are Pantanal? It is the world’s largest tropical wetland, spanning across Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay. Fed by the Paraguay River and its tributaries, it covers an estimated area of 140,000 to 195,000 square kilometres. During rainy …

Notified Disasters

Context:  The ongoing discussion on including heatwaves as a notified disaster under the Disaster Management Act (DM Act) has reopened due to the extreme heat in many parts of India. Currently, heatwaves are not considered disasters under the Act, which was enacted after the 1999 Odisha super-cyclone and the 2004 tsunami. The Act defines a …

Cold lava

Context: A volcanic eruption at Mount Kanlaon in the Philippines led to rivers of cold lava, or lahar. About Cold Lava: Cold lava, or “lahar,” is a hazardous flow of volcanic material, debris, and water that descends rapidly from volcanoes, resembling a fast-moving landslide rather than moltenlava. This dense mixture forms when water interacts with …

Drying Up: Fixing Urban India’s Water Problem

Syllabus: Environment Conservation/ Geography: Conservation of Resources Source: IE  Context: Urban India faces recurring water crises due to fast-depleting aquifers. Despite efforts by the government to provide tap water, aquifer health remains neglected.   India’s Status: India is endowed with rich water resources: India has 4% of the world’s water resources India has 1123 billion cubic metres of surface …

Gardi Sugdub (Panama)

Context:  Hundreds of Indigenous families have relocated from Gardi Sugdub due to rising sea levels, becoming Panama’s first climate change-induced displacement. Panama also becomes first nation to evacuate its island community over climate change impact Source: CNBC

UPSC Static Quiz – Geography : 6 June 2024

We will post 5 questions daily on static topics mentioned in the UPSC civil services preliminary examination syllabus. Each week will focus on a specific topic from the syllabus, such as History of India and Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography, and more. Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates Subscribe to our YouTube …

Nor’westers

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: India is establishing its first research testbed to study severe thunderstorms known as Nor’westers, primarily affecting the eastern and northeastern regions. It is a collaboration between the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, and the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting …

Sahul

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times    Context: Recent archaeological findings have revealed an ancient, Atlantis-like supercontinent named Sahul, which facilitated human migration from Asia to Australia around 70,000 years ago. This landmass was exposed during the last ice age due to lower sea levels and connected present-day Australia, Papua New Guinea, and …

Ross Ice Shelf

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: NDTV    Context: Researchers have discovered that the massive Ross Ice Shelf makes sudden jumps twice a day. These sudden shifts, akin to tremors along earthquake faults, could weaken the Ross Ice Shelf over time, potentially accelerating ice melt rates and contributing to sea level rise. A sudden jump …

Mount Ruang

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI  Context: Indonesian authorities issued a tsunami alert after Mount Ruang volcano erupted five times, expelling ash and lava. The Centre for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation issued the highest-level alert, warning of potential hazards including the collapse of the volcano into the sea, which could trigger a tsunami. …

Fourth global mass coral bleaching event

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch (CRW) and the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) have confirmed the occurrence of the fourth global mass coral bleaching event in 2023-2024. This event, the second in the last decade, coincides with unprecedented ocean heat recorded in 2023 and 2024.

Giant rogue waves

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PHYS.ORG  Context: A University of Melbourne expedition to the Southern Ocean has uncovered that wind is a significant factor in the creation of massive rogue waves. The team utilized advanced technology to capture three-dimensional images of ocean waves, revealing insights into their behaviour. They found that rogue waves arise …

Southern Ocean

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: The Southern Ocean is known for having the cleanest air on Earth, a fact previously attributed mainly to minimal human activity. However, recent research has unveiled that clouds and rain play a significant role in keeping the air pristine. Role of clouds: The Southern Ocean experiences …

Negative leap second

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE   Context: A recent study suggests that the accelerated melting of glaciers and ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica due to climate change is affecting Earth’s rotation, potentially postponing the need for a “negative leap second” to keep clocks aligned with Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).   As the …