Fatty liver disease

 Source: TH Context: The rise in fatty liver disease, now termed Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD), is closely linked to metabolic syndrome, including obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol levels. MASLD, particularly its progressive form known as Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH), which causes liver inflammation and scarring, is expected to become the …

Parrot fever

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Hindustan Times Context: Parrot fever, also known as psittacosis, is a respiratory bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci. The infection primarily affects birds, such as parrots, pigeons, and poultry, but can be transmitted to humans through inhaling particles from bird feathers or droppings. Symptoms include fever, headache, …

‘Measles and Rubella Champion’ Award

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: PIB   Context: India has been honoured with the prestigious Measles and Rubella Champion Award by The Measles and Rubella Partnership at the American Red Cross Headquarters in Washington D.C., USA. The partnership, comprising various organizations dedicated to reducing global measles deaths and preventing rubella illness, applauds India’s commitment to …

Lathyrism

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: Grass pea, also known as khesari dal, has been historically infamous for causing lathyrism, a neurological disease leading to lower limb paralysis.  In the late 19th century, an outbreak of lathyrism linked to grass pea led to its ban in India in 1961 under the Prevention of …

World Malaria Report

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: IE  Context: The World Malaria Report highlights India’s success in reducing malaria cases and deaths, with a 30% decline in cases and a 34% decline in mortality in 2022 compared to the previous year. Key factors contributing to this success include a focus on primary healthcare in remote areas, …

Amyloidosis

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB Context: Scientists from the Institute of Advanced Studies in Science and Technology have successfully fabricated a 2D protein monolayer using lysozyme molecules, a model protein for studying diseases like Amyloidosis. Amyloidosis is a rare condition where the accumulation of amyloid protein in organs leads to dysfunction in vital …

Premature mortality from major non-communicable diseases

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: India is expected to fall short of meeting the targets set by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in reducing premature deaths from major Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). An analysis by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) indicates that India’s …

Lymphatic filariasis

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE   Context: The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has successfully eliminated lymphatic filariasis (LF), a mosquito-borne infectious disease, becoming the second country to achieve this in 2023 after Bangladesh. Lao PDR is the 11th country in the WHO Western Pacific Region to eliminate LF. The World Health …

Self-Declaration of Freedom from Avian Influenza

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB  Context: The World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) has approved India’s self-declaration of freedom from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in specific poultry compartments. This is a significant development for India’s poultry industry and reflects the country’s commitment to maintaining high animal health and biosecurity standards. Compartmentalization, a …

Hemochromatosis

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: HT   Context: Hemochromatosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by iron overload, which can lead to severe dysfunction in various organs. There are two main types of hemochromatosis: hereditary hemochromatosis and secondary hemochromatosis.

HIV Act

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: India Today  Context: The Supreme Court of India has directed the central and state governments to ensure the effective implementation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, also known as the HIV Act. The court also instructed all courts, tribunals, and …

Hypertension

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) has released its first-ever report on the global impact of high blood pressure (hypertension). The report highlights that approximately four out of every five people with hypertension are not receiving adequate treatment. However, if countries can expand their coverage of hypertension treatment, …

Dementia

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH Context: The Dementia India Alliance (DIA) has launched a national dementia support line and an online memory screening clinic called DemClinic. These services are designed to provide information, support, and guidance related to dementia, promote timely diagnosis, and offer memory screening services. These initiatives aim to raise awareness, …

Plant fungus infecting humans

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: DTE  Context: The first case of a plant fungus called Chondrostereum purpureum infecting human beings has been reported from Kolkata. The fungus is known to cause Silver leaf disease in plants, especially in species of rose families. However, there were no reported instances of this fungus infecting human beings from any part of …

Neglected Tropical Diseases Day: Poorest countries continue to be most affected, says WHO

GS Paper  3 Syllabus: Health Issues   Source: DTE, WHO Context: According to the “Global report on neglected tropical diseases 2023” report published on World NTD Day — January 30, 2023, by World Health Organization (WHO), Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) continue to disproportionately impact the most impoverished members of the international community, living in areas with inadequate water …

[Mission 2023] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 25 January 2023

InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions ina your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their …