Heatwaves leading to ozone pollution

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE    Context: A recent report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) highlights that climate change is leading to more frequent and intense heatwaves, which are contributing to ozone pollution and worsening air quality. Heatwaves are linked to an increased risk of wildfires, which release various pollutants, including ozone …

Heat Index

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB  Context: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has recently introduced the Heat Index on an experimental basis. The Heat Index is designed to offer general guidance for regions in India where the apparent temperature, also known as the “feel-like” temperature, is higher due to a combination of heat and …

The government emphasizes a holistic approach to disaster management

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: PIB Context: The 3rd Session of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) has concluded in New Delhi.   About the Session: The session deliberated on 10-point agenda on Disaster Risk Reduction given by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the Sendai Framework apart from other …

Turkey Earthquake

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Disaster Management/ Geography: Earthquake/ International Relations/ Disaster Relief   Source: IE, Th, DTE, TH  Direction: This article is in continuation of yesterday’s article on the same issue. Here we will be covering other issues related to Earthquake    Context: South-eastern Turkey, near the Syrian border, was struck by a powerful Earthquake …

NGT asks Uttarakhand to study Mussoorie’s specific carrying capacity

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: The Hindu  Context: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has issued directions to the Uttarakhand Government to conduct a study of the specific carrying capacity of the hill station. Also, Last year a panel was formed to assess the carrying capacity of eco-sensitive zones in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) …

Heatwaves in India

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.   Source: DTE  Context: A new report by the World Bank suggests India could soon become one of the first places in the world to experience heatwaves that break the human survivability limit. India has witnessed a concurrent increase in meteorological …

Forcibly displaced crossed 100 million in 2022

GS2/GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management, Governance: Poverty and developmental issues   Source: DTE Context: According to the UNDP report “Turning the tide on internal displacement: A development approach to solutions”, for the first time ever, more than 100 million people were forcibly displaced in 2022, most of them within their own countries What is forced displacement? Forced …

How suspension bridges work and the tragedy in Morbi

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: DM+ Governance   Sources: Indian Express  Context: The century-old cable suspension bridge in Gujarat’s Morbi, collapsed into the river, sending hundreds plunging into the water. The bridge was a tourist attraction and had long been hailed as a magnificent engineering marvel.    Technical reasons for the collapse of the 19th Century …

Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA)

GS3 and GS1 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: DTE  Context:15th Finance commission for the first time made a provision for recovery and reconstruction in the national disaster management budget, which is at the core of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).   What is PDNA?  The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is an internationally accepted methodology …

In nature’s warning signs, a nudge to riparian states

GS paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster and disaster management, conservation of environment, etc   Directions: Important for mains, can be used as an example in impact of climate change, etc Source: The Hindu Context: There has been an increase in the magnitude, the frequency and the intensity of floods in many parts of the world. Recent …

Why cloudburst forecast in India still remains elusive

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Geography   Source: The Hindu Cloudbursts are defined by the amount of rainfall. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), 100 mm of rain in an hour is called a cloudburst. Usually, cloudbursts occur over a small geographical region of 20 to 30 sq. km. In India, cloudbursts often occur during …

Urban Flooding

GS Paper  3 Syllabus: Disaster Management/Geography   Source: Indian Express  Direction: Twice, UPSC has asked similar Qn on Urban flooding in Mains. Remember recent examples, causes and a few recommendations on urban flooding.  Context: There was unprecedented flooding in India’s tech capital Bengaluru. Urban Flooding is an inundation of land in a constructed setting, particularly …

Risk-reduction strategies using traditional knowledge

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: UNDRR Context: Indigenous peoples’ understanding of disaster risk uses an enormous dataset – traditional knowledge and folklore reaching back many generations. It was highlighted in the recently concluded Global Platform For Disaster Risk Reduction 2022 (GP2022) in Bali. These indigenous practices have used traditional knowledge, alongside modern …

There has been an increase in forest fires events across India. Examine the causes and suggest measures required for forest fire mitigation. (250 words)

Topic: Disaster and disaster management 6. There has been an increase in forest fires events across India. Examine the causes and suggest measures required for forest fire mitigation. (250 words)   Difficulty level: Moderate Reference: DownToEarth   Why the question: A fire has engulfed a vast expanse of forest area in West Bengal’s Purulia district …

Disaster Management Plan of Ministry of Panchayati Raj:

GS Paper 3: Topics Covered: Disaster management.   Context: Union Minister of Panchayati Raj has released the “Disaster Management Plan of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj(DMP-MoPR)”.   Areas covered under the Plan: 1) Institutional arrangement for Disaster Management. 2) Hazard Risk, Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis. 3) Coherence of Disaster Risk Management across Resilient Development and …