Assam Floods: Why Ganga-Brahamputra region is flood Prone?

Syllabus: Disaster Management Source: TH Context: Six more people died in Assam floods, raising the toll to 58. Over 24 lakh are affected across 30 districts, with rivers flowing above danger levels.   The floods in Assam have led to severe consequences: Loss of Wildlife: Over 130 wild animals, including 6 rare one-horned rhinos in …

Increasing Wildfires in the World

Syllabus: Disaster Management Source: IE Context: Arctic wildfires have become more frequent and intense due to global warming, causing significant environmental concerns. In 2024, over 160 wildfires in Sakha, Russia, burned nearly 460,000 hectares.   Why Arctic is prone to wildfires? The Arctic is experiencing rapid warming, approximately four times faster than the global average. …

Notified Disasters

Context:  The ongoing discussion on including heatwaves as a notified disaster under the Disaster Management Act (DM Act) has reopened due to the extreme heat in many parts of India. Currently, heatwaves are not considered disasters under the Act, which was enacted after the 1999 Odisha super-cyclone and the 2004 tsunami. The Act defines a …

HAM Operator

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB   Context: A team of amateur radio operators (HAMs) conducted an Island On The Air (IOTA) expedition from cyclone shelters on Nachugunta Island, Andhra Pradesh. The team made 4,000 global contacts, promoting emergency communication preparedness through sessions in local schools and villages.  

Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB    Context: The Union Cabinet, approved the continuation of the centrally sponsored Scheme, the Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP), with a total outlay of Rs. 4,100 crore for a period of 5 years from 2021-22 to 2025-26. The scheme comprises two components:   Flood Management Programme …

Heat Index

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB  Context: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has recently introduced the Heat Index on an experimental basis. The Heat Index is designed to offer general guidance for regions in India where the apparent temperature, also known as the “feel-like” temperature, is higher due to a combination of heat and …

The government emphasizes a holistic approach to disaster management

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: PIB Context: The 3rd Session of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) has concluded in New Delhi.   About the Session: The session deliberated on 10-point agenda on Disaster Risk Reduction given by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the Sendai Framework apart from other …

Turkey Earthquake

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Disaster Management/ Geography: Earthquake/ International Relations/ Disaster Relief   Source: IE, Th, DTE, TH  Direction: This article is in continuation of yesterday’s article on the same issue. Here we will be covering other issues related to Earthquake    Context: South-eastern Turkey, near the Syrian border, was struck by a powerful Earthquake …

NGT asks Uttarakhand to study Mussoorie’s specific carrying capacity

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Disaster Management   Source: The Hindu  Context: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has issued directions to the Uttarakhand Government to conduct a study of the specific carrying capacity of the hill station. Also, Last year a panel was formed to assess the carrying capacity of eco-sensitive zones in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) …

Heatwaves in India

GS Paper 1 Syllabus: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.   Source: DTE  Context: A new report by the World Bank suggests India could soon become one of the first places in the world to experience heatwaves that break the human survivability limit. India has witnessed a concurrent increase in meteorological …