Forest Conservation (amendment) Bill 2023

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Environment, Conservation   Source: IE  Context: The government introduced The Forest (Conservation), Amendment Bill, 2023 in Lok Sabha to make changes to The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.   Background: Following independence, vast swathes of forest land were designated as reserved and protected forests and brought under state forest departments. Many forested …

Open-source seeds movement

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Agriculture and Issues of Food Security   Source: TH  Context: Inspired by the success of open-source software, a Canadian plant breeder suggested (in 1999) a similar approach to seeds. Background: The advent of hybrid seeds, the growth of the commercial seed industry, scientific plant breeding, etc., conferred plant breeders and developers …

SC: Critical views on government policies not anti-establishment

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure   Source: TH Context: The SC set aside the Centre’s order refusing to grant the renewal of the broadcast licence to a Malayalam news channel (Media One).   Background: The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting refused to renew the broadcast …