Surrogacy Act, 2021

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Union Health Ministry has requested data from all States and Union Territories regarding the number of couples and single and unmarried women who have successfully availed surrogacy under the Surrogacy Act, 2021, and the number of couples and single women who have opted for Assisted Reproductive …

Mediation Bill, 2021

  Source: ET  Context: The Rajya Sabha passed the Mediation Bill 2021, which mandates individuals to attempt the settlement of civil or commercial disputes through mediation before approaching any court or tribunal. Parties can withdraw from mediation after two sessions, and the mediation process must be completed within 180 days, extendable by another 180 days …

Online Gaming: A changing scenario on the cards

GS Paper 2   Syllabus: Governance   Source: Th, Th  Context: Tamil Nadu Assembly re-adopts Bill against online gambling What is Online gaming? It refers to video games/mobile games that are played over the internet through various devices. E.g., multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) games, first-person shooter (FPS) games, massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), and …

Sansad TV: Bills: An Insight- Tribunals Reforms Act, 2021

  Introduction: The Tribunals Reforms Act, 2021 replaces a similar Ordinance promulgated in April 2021 that sought to dissolve eight tribunals. The tribunals functioned as appellate bodies to hear disputes under various statutes and transferred their functions to existing judicial forums such as a civil court or a High Court. Background: The Act was introduced …

Sansad TV: Committee Report- Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill, 2021

  Introduction: The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 provides a legal framework for the protection of various species of wild animals and plants, management of their habitat and the regulation and control of trade in wild animals, plants and their parts and products. While it has been amended several times, the latest set of proposed …

Sansad TV: Bills: An Insight- The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Bill, 2021

  Introduction: The Bill amends the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to simplify compliance requirements for domestic companies. It also allows for foreign investment in research in biodiversity. Highlights of the Bill The Bill amends the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to simplify compliance requirements for domestic companies. Users of codified traditional knowledge and AYUSH practitioners will …

SANSAD TV: BILLS- AN INSIGHT-COMMISSION FOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN NCR & ADJOINING AREAS ACT, 2021

  Introduction: The Act provides for Commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the National Capital Region and adjoining areas. It provides for the constitution of a Commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the National Capital Region (NCR) …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2021

  Introduction: Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021 The seeks to increase the minimum age of marriage of females to 21 years from the current 18 years. Context According to the National Family Health Survey 2019-21 (NFHS-5), 23% of women between the age of 20 and 24 were married before 18 years of age. …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) AMENDMENT BILL, 2021

    Introduction: The Bill seeks to conserve and protect wildlife through better management of protected areas. The Bill amends the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.  The Act regulates the protection of wild animals, birds and plants.  The Bill seeks to increase the species protected under the law, and implement the Convention on International Trade …

Amendment to Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act:

GS Paper 2: Topics Covered: Important Government Policies.     Context: The Union Cabinet has approved amendments to the Second Schedule of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 for specifying the rate of royalty in respect of Glauconite, Potash, Emerald, Platinum Group of Metals (PGM), Andalusite, Sillimanite and Molybdenum.   Significance: The …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- DEPOSIT INSURANCE & CREDIT GUARANTEE CORPORATION (AMEND) ACT, 2021

      Introduction: The Amendment Act seeks to provide depositors time-bound access to their insured deposit amount, in case they are restricted from accessing their bank deposits. The Bill seeks to amend the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act, 1961.  The Act established the Corporation to provide insurance for bank deposits and guarantee …

SANSAD TV: BILLS- AN INSIGHT-COMMISSION FOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN NCR & ADJOINING AREAS ACT, 2021

Introduction: The Act provides for Commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the National Capital Region and adjoining areas. It provides for the constitution of a Commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the National Capital Region (NCR) and …

SANSAD TV: BILLS- AN INSIGHT- NATIONAL BANK FOR FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE & DEVELOPMENT ACT, 2021

Introduction: The National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Act , 2021 establishes the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development as the principal Development Financial Institution for infrastructure financing The Bill seeks to establish the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development (NBFID) as the principal development financial institution (DFIs) for infrastructure financing.  DFIs …

Insights into Editorial: A Bill that could alter the mediation landscape

  Context: The Chief Justice of India (CJI), speaking at the India-Singapore Mediation Summit in July 2021 had said that mediation should be made mandatory as a first step in dispute resolution and that a law should be framed in this regard. The context was the huge pendency of cases in India. In his speech …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT | LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2021

Introduction:             LLP is an alternative corporate body form to traditional partnership firms. Under LLP, a partner’s liabilities are limited to their investment in the business. The amendment aims to facilitate Ease of Doing Business and encourage startups across the country. What is a LLP? A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a partnership in which …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- FACTORING REGULATION (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2021

  Introduction: The new law is expected to improve the availability of credit to micro, small and medium enterprises as more non-banking financial companies will now be eligible to offer factoring services to MSMEs. What is factoring? Factoring is a transaction where an entity (like MSMEs) ‘sells’ its receivables ( dues from a customer) to …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- INLAND VESSELS BILL, 2021

Key Highlights: It replaces the Inland Vessels Act, 1917.  The Act provides for the regulation of inland vessel navigation by states including the registration of vessels, and safe carriage of goods and passengers.  The Bill seeks to introduce a uniform regulatory framework for inland vessel navigation across the country. Mechanically propelled inland vessels:The Bill defines such …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- JUVENILE JUSTICE AMENDMENT, 2021

Introduction: The amendment seeks to strengthen protection of children — including the ones who require protection under the law as well as those who are in conflict with the law and also streamline the process of adoption in the country. Key Issues and Analysis: Adoption of a child is a legal process which creates a …

SANSAD TV: BILLS: AN INSIGHT- INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY CODE (AMENDMENT) BILL 2021

Introduction: President Ramnath Kovind has given his assent to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (amendment) Bill 2021, which was passed by Parliament in the  monsoon session. The government brought the amendments to the code to support MSMEs which require support in view of COVID 19 pandemic. Highlights: The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2021 …

Authoritarianism is on the rise, says report:

GS Paper 2: Topics Covered: Role of Civil Services.   Context: The Global State of Democracy Report, 2021 was recently released by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. The reports refer to three main regime types: democracies, hybrid and authoritarian regimes. Hybrid and authoritarian regimes are both classified as non-democratic.   Highlights of the …