Women in Medieval India

It is predominantly the history of Muslim rulers spreads over 500 years. During the medieval period the social life of women underwent great changes. Dependence of women on their husbands or other male relatives was a prominent feature of this period. Devoid of avenues of any education, having lost the access to Streedhana or dowry, they virtually became the exploited class with disastrous results for themselves and the nation. Another social evil that existed in society during this period was child marriage.

Muslim appeared in India as a warrior class. Their rule in India is divided into two Eras;

  • The Era of Delhi Sultanate
  • The Mughal

Era of Delhi sultanate

  • The only women who had ever occupied the thrown of Delhi was Razia Sultan.
  • Sultana Razia was not only a wise ruler but also a women of Dauntless courage.
  • She set the role of model for politically empowered women in India.

The Mughal Era:

  • In Mughal Era India saw the rise of some eminent muslim women. 2.1 Qutluq Nigar Khanm
  • Qutluq Nigar Khanm Babar’s mother gave wise counsel to her son Babar, during his arduous campaign for the recovery of his father’s heritage.
  • Gulbadan Begum: Gulbadan Begum was a women of exceptional poetic talent who wrote Humayun namah.
  • Nur Jahan: Nur Jahan took an active part in the state She was the greatest muslim queen of India. She was very embodiment of beauty and military valour
  • Chandbibi: Chandbibi, who appeared on the ramparts of the fort of Ahmednagar dressed in male attire and put heart in the defenders of that town against the powers of Akbar himself.
  • Tara Bai: Tara Bai,the Maharata heroine who was the life and soul of Maharata resistance during the last determined onslaught of Aurangazeb.
  • Mangammal: Mangammal, whose benign rule is still a green memory in the South, and Ahalya Bai Holkar, to whose administrative genius Sir John Malcolm has paid magnificent tribute.