Constitutional Provisions for Women in our Constitution

  • Article 14 – Men and women to have equal rights and opportunities in the political, economic and social spheres.
  • Article 15(1) – Prohibits discrimination against any citizen on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex etc.
  • Article 15(3)- Special provision enabling the State to make affirmative discriminations in favor of women.
  • Article 16– Equality of opportunities in matter of public appointments for all citizens.
  • Article 23– Bans trafficking in human and forced labor
  • Article 39(a)- The State shall direct its policy towards securing all citizens men and women, equally, the right to means of livelihood.
  • Article 39(d)- Equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
  • Article 42– The State to make provision for ensuring just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
  • Article 51 (A)(e)- To renounce the practices derogatory to the dignity of women
  • Article 300 (A)- Right of property to women
  • 73rd and 74th Amendment Act 1992- Reservation 1/3rd of seats in local bodies of panchayats and municipalities for women.
(The day on which 73rd amendment became operational i.e April 24th is also declared as Women’s Empowerment Day).

Though at the time of our independence our constitution guaranteed social, economic & political equality, rights & protection to the Indian women however in reality we have still not been able to provide their due status in the society which has had led to the resurgence of issue based movements earlier in 1970s & has gained momentum again recently like anti dowry movement, anti-rape movements etc.