- Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
- Beneficiaries of PMJVK
- States/Districts covered
- Areas identified by data of Census 2011
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) seeks to provide better socio economic infrastructure facilities to the minority communities particularly in the field of education, health & skill development which would further lead to lessening of the gap between the national average and the minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.
- The erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) has been restructured and renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram for effective implementation since 2018.
Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
- MsDP is a special area development scheme designed to address the ‘development deficits’ seen in Minority Concentration Districts.
- MsDP has been identified as one of the Core of the Core Schemes under National Development Agenda in the Report of the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, which was constituted by NITI Aayog.
- The programme was launched in the year 2008-09 in 90 identified Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) having at least 25% minority population and below national average with respect to one or both of the backwardness parameters with the objective of developing assets for socio-economic and basic amenities.
- The MCDs were identified on the basis of census 2001 data.
- The programme continued during 11th Five Year Plan.
- The MsDP was restructured in June 2013 for implementation during 12th Five Year Plan and the area of implementation was replaced by Minority Concentration Blocks (MCB), Minority Concentration Towns (MCT) and Clusters of Villages.
- Total MCBs – 710, MCTs – 66 in 196 Districts. The MsDP is currently in operation in 27 States/UTs.
- MsDP has been designed primarily to address the developmental gaps/deficits in identified backward minority concentration areas by topping up of existing Centrally Sponsored Schemes of various Central ministries/departments without any change in the norms, guidelines and the funding pattern.
- The projects considered are additional class rooms, laboratories, school buildings, hostels, toilets, buildings for Polytechnics, ITIs, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres / Sub-centres, Anganwadi Centres, Rural Housing etc.
- In addition to gap filling projects, MsDP also provides for taking up innovative projects which are not covered by any of the existing CSS of various ministries and these are funded in the ratio of 60:40 and for NE and Hilly States at 90:10 between the Centre and States. This includes Sadbhav Mandap, Market shed etc.
Beneficiaries of PMJVK
- As far as PMJVK is concerned, the communities notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Com mission for Minorities Act, 1992 would be taken as Minority Communities. At present 6 (six) communities namely Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified as Minority Communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992.
- The Programme aims to address development deficits in the identified minority concentration areas.
- The identification of minority concentration areas has been done on the basis of presence of substantial population of notified Minority Communities based on Census, 2011.
- The inclusion of Minority Concentration District Headquarters along with the Minority Concentration Towns having population more than 25,000, Minority Concentration Blocks and Cluster of Villages as per Census, 2011 data, will extend the coverage of population of minority communities.
- States/Districts covered
- The PMJVK is being implemented in Minority Concentration District Hqrs (MCD Hrs), Minority Concentration Block (MCBs), Minority Concentration Towns (MCTs) falling in 308 districts of 32 States/UTs. The sheme is implemented in 1300 identified Minority Concentration Areas (MCAs)
- The unit area for implementation will include 109 MCD Hqrs, 870 MCBs and 321 MCTs.
- Moreover, the scheme will also be implemented in Backward Clusters of Minority Concentration Villages (CoMCV).
- These CoMCV will be identified on the proposal of the States/UTs as per criteria of PMJVK.
- The PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Goa and Pondicherry.
- Minority Concentration Areas of 61 districts out of 115 Aspirational districts have been covered under PMJVK.
- State-wise Administrative Districts and List of Area Units -Districts Hqs, Blocks, and Towns of PMJVK for remaining period of 14th Finance Commission
Areas identified by data of Census 2011
- Unit area of implementation has been further broadened by including Minority Concentration Districts Headquarters in addition to the minority concentration Blocks, Minority Concentration Towns and cluster of minority concentration villages.
- As compared to MSDP, the PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, goa and Pondicherry.
- All States/UTs earlier covered under MsDP have also been included under PMJVK.
- Under PMJVK Minority Concentration Blocks (MCBs) and Minority Concentration Towns (MCTs) falling in 308 district of 32 States have been covered.
- The area covered under PMJVK will have 109 MCD Hqrs., 870 MCBs and 321 MCTs.
- Special focus by earmarking funds
- 80% of the resources under the PMJVK would be earmarked for projects related to education, health and skill development.
- 33 to 40% of resources under the PMJVK would be specifically allocated for women-centric projects.
- In the year 2012 Government have established the Commissionarate for Minorities Welfare to implement various schemes for the minorities and to ensure proper utilization of funds being spent by the Government for the welfare of minorities, besides coordinating and supervising the activities of all implementing agencies and the same is bifurcated as Director of Minority Welfare, Telangana State with effect from 2nd june, 2014.
- The Minorities Welfare Department is implementing programmes both under the state budget and centrally sponsored schemes.
Shaadi Mubarak Scheme
The Shaadi Mubarak Scheme giving financial assistance for Minorities Brides amount is Rs.75,116/-(Rupees Seventy Five thousand one hundred six teen only) to each unmarried girl at the time of marriage residing in Telangana only.
Ramzan Dawath-e-Iftaar and Christmas Feast
Through this Scheme Government arranges Dinner to poor Muslims and Christians at the time of their festivals and Distribution of 13500 Clothes, Gift packets for Ramzan and Christmas respectively. And Iftar and Feast for Rs. 27.00 Lakhs was sanctioned for Khammam for (5) constituencies.
Telangana Minorities & Christian (M) Finance Corporation
- Subsidy cum Loan Scheme:
Government of Telangana implements the Subsidy cum Loan Scheme for creating Self-employment/Business among Minorities by giving Subsidised Loans. Recently the Subsidy portion enhanced and ranges from 50% to 80% and loan scheme from 1.00 Lakh to 10.00 Lakhs.
- Training and Employment:
In the training and employment scheme, Minority Youth are given job oriented training and placement.
Government arranges the Training through reputed Institutions like NAC, SETWIN etc., and courses include Civil, Industrial, Electrical and Computer related courses.
- Minorities Study Circle:
Government of Telangana have started the Telangana Minorities Study Circle from the year 2015-16.
The Study Circle will prepare Minorities Candidates for competitive exams leading to employment like TSPSC Group I, II, III & IV, Staff Selection Commission, Bank Probationary Officers, Police and Armed Forces Recruitment etc. Government have decided to sponsor 100 Minority candidates for preparing All India Services Exams from Best available Institutions every year.
- Telangana Minorities Residential Schools
Government of Telangana have embarked on an ambitious and crucial scheme of opening 160 Minorities Residential Schools at a cost of Rs.6723 Crores.
This is an unprecedented step in the annals of independent India.
This year 71 Minorities Residential Schools are opened from July 2016. Already staff and funds are sanctioned for this year.
There will be 39 Boys and 32 Girls Residential schools. Admissions are for classes from 5th to Intermediate.
This is a flagship scheme for Minorities Development of the Telangana Government. In Khammam District total (7) Residential Schools are sanctioned and no. of students (1840) was studying.
National Scholarships Portal
This initiative aims at providing a Simplified, Mission-oriented, Accountable, Responsive & Transparent ‘SMART’ System for faster & effective disposal of Scholarships applications and delivery of funds directly into beneficiaries account without any leakages.(GOI- Prematric, Post matric & Merit-cum-Means based Scholarships).
Nai Roshini (Women Empowerment Scheme)
- The objective of the scheme is to empower and instill confidence among minority women, including their neighbours from other communities living in the same village/locality, by providing knowledge, tools and techniques for interacting with Government systems, banks and other institutions at all levels.
- Empowerment of women per se is not only essential for equity, but also constitutes a critical element in our fight for poverty reduction, economic growth and strengthening of civil society.
- Women and children are always the worst sufferers in a poverty stricken family and need support.
- Empowering women, especially mothers, is even more important as it is in homes that she nourishes, nurture and moulds the character of her offspring.
The scheme aims to empower the students belonging to minority communities and prepare them for competitive examinations, so that their participation in government and private jobs improves.
The scheme provides financial support for free coaching to notified minority students in selected coaching institutions.
- About the Scheme
- Targeted groups
About Nai Manzil Scheme
- The Nai Manzil Scheme is designed as an integrated education and training programme that provides youth from minority communities skills needed for different tasks in a rapidly changing world.
- This scheme will also provide avenues for continuing higher education and also open up employment opportunities in the organised sector.
- The scheme aims at providing educational intervention by giving the bridge courses to the trainees and getting them Certificates for Class XII and X from distance medium educational system and at the same time also provide them trade basis
Skill training in 4 courses
- Soft skills
The scheme is intended to cover people in between 17 to 35 age group from all minority communities as well as Madrasa students.
Nayi Udaan scheme
The objective of the Nai Udaan Scheme is to provide financial support to the minority candidates who clear the preliminary examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission and State Public Service Commission.
To adequately equip them to compete for appointment to Civil Services in the Union and the State Governments and to increase the representation of the minority in the Civil Services
- Organised by ministry of minority affairs under “USTTAD” scheme at different parts of the country.
- It is an exhibition of handicrafts and traditional products made by artisans from the minority communities.
- These Haat aim to provide market exposure and employment opportunities to artisans, craftsmen and traditional culinary experts.
“Hunar Haat” have become a successful mission to provide employment and employment opportunities and national as well international markets for thousands of master artisans, craftsmen and culinary experts.
USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme aims to preserve heritage of traditional arts and crafts of minority communities and build capacity of traditional craftspersons and artisans and establish linkages of traditional skills with the global market.
Padho Pardesh (for overseas studies at Masters, M.Phil. and Ph.D. Level)
- Government of India, Ministry of Minority Affairs has now introduced a new scheme for providing ‘interest subsidy’ for minority students for overseas studies.
- This scheme came into force from 2013-14.
- The loan for overseas studies for specific courses should have been sanctioned by the bank under IBA model scheme.
- The annual income of the parents should be less than 6 lakhs.
- If the student is eligible, the Government of India provides full interest subsidy during the moratorium period. (course period plus one year or six months after getting employment, whichever is earlier).
Seekho Aur Kamao
- Skill development scheme for youth of 14 – 35 years age group and aiming at improving the employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc.
- Union Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India on 23 September 2013 launched a central sector scheme for Skill Development of Minorities
- To bring down unemployment rate of minorities during 12th Plan period (2012-17).
- To conserve and update traditional skills of minorities and establish their linkages with the market.
- To improve employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc and ensure their placement.
- To generate means of better livelihood for marginalised minorities and bring them in the mainstream.
- To enable minorities to avail opportunities in the growing market.
- To develop potential human resource for the country.
- Main features
- Target group
Jiyo Parsi, the Central Sector Scheme for containing population decline of Parsis in India was launched on 23 September 2013 by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India.
The main objective of the Jiyo parsi scheme is to reverse the declining trend of Parsi population by adopting scientific protocol and structured interventions, stabilize the Parsi population and increase the population of Parsis in India.
- 100 percent funded by Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India.
- Medical interventions under Standard Medical protocols in empanelled hospitals/clinics.
- Confidentiality of the patients to be given utmost importance.
- The scheme is meant for only Parsis community.
- Parsi married couples of child bearing age who seek assistance.
- Adults/young men/women/adolescent boys/girls for detection of diseases resulting with consent of parents/legal guardians.
A scheme to preserve rich heritage of minority communities of India under the overall concept of Indian culture implemented since 2014-15.
- Union Ministry of Minority Affairs has launched the Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions on 4 March 2014.
- Nalanda Project is an innovative Faculty Development Program of Union Ministry of Minority Affairs.
- The Nalanda Project is being taken up at Aligarh Muslim University, a premier Minority University of world fame.
- The Aligarh Muslim University is also a Nodal Staff College of University Grant Commission.
About Faculty development program
- The primary goal of faculty development is to help faculty learn new ways to achieve excellence and to grow as faculty members.
- It is an ongoing process of understanding, learning, and growth. Faculty development includes education, collaboration, resources and support.
- Faculty development is an essential element of institutional effectiveness in higher education.
- It has become a priority at many academic institutions as a way to improve the quality of academic programs and to respond to emerging faculty, student, program and industry needs.
- The extent to which the University or College supports faculty development will be strongly reflected in levels of student engagement and motivation, and thus ultimately, student learning.
- Through educational programs and workshops faculty can learn the skills necessary to reach excellence in a changing academic environment.
- Faculty who engage in professional development experiences benefit also in terms of increased vitality, informed pedagogy, teaching innovations and scholarly teaching.
Minority Cyber Gram
The MCG programme seeks to introduce digital literacy skills in identified minority clusters in India through designated Digital Fellows towards knowledge empowerment and entitlement gains of minority focused groups and beneficiaries.
- With basic literacy level low among the backward sections of the minorities, the social and economic profile is further aggravated due to lack of basic digital skills and knowledge to derive advantages from digital tools, devices, platforms and knowledge networks.
- In order to mainstream minority groups and communities with national development goals and objectives, it is extremely important and relevant to deploy and introduce digital literacy skills to get benefits in knowledge based networks and in public schemes and other services through information empowerment.
- To impart digital literacy and skills among identified minority groups and beneficiaries through designated Digital Fellows (DFs) in identified minority clusters for information and knowledge empowerment and entitlement gains.
- To provide opportunities in information and knowledge networks for local communities.