Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  1. Introduction
  2. About the Scheme
  3. Key Features
  4. Implementation
  5. Benefits of the Mission
  6. Need for and significance of the mission.


  • The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is being implemented under the State Water and Sanitation Mission, which is already functional, and different sources, including rainwater harvesting, have been tapped.
  • The Mission was announced in August 2019.

About the Jal Jeevan Mission:

  • JJM envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • It is under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

It also encompasses:

  • Prioritizing provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Providing functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
  • Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.

Key features

  1. It aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.
  2. The Jal Jeevan Mission is set to be based on various water conservation efforts like point recharge, desilting of minor irrigation tanks, use of greywater for agriculture and source sustainability.
  3. The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.


  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
  • JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Benefits of the mission:

  1. Household pipeline water supply.
  2. Clean and drinkable water.
  3. Recharge of groundwater level.
  4. Better local infrastructure.
  5. Less water-borne diseases.
  6. Less water wastage.

Need for and significance of the mission:

  1. India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources.
  2.  Depleting groundwater level, overexploitation and deteriorating water quality, climate change, etc. are major challenges to provide potable drinking water.
  3.  It is an urgent requirement of water conservation in the country because of the decreasing amount of groundwater level.
  4. Therefore, the Jal Jeevan Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply management of water at the local level.