Schemes under Ministry of Education

  1. Introduction
  2. About the Scheme
  3. Aim
  4. Target
  5. Objectives
  6. Operation
  7. Significance


About the Scheme

  • SHREYAS is a programme basket comprising the initiatives of three Central Ministries, namely the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship and the Ministry of Labour& Employment viz the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), the National Career Service (NCS)and introduction of BA/BSc/BCom (Professional) courses in the higher educational institutions.
  • SHREYAS is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education and also amalgamate employment facilitating efforts of the Government into the education system so that clear pathways towards employment opportunities are available to students during and after their graduation.


  • To enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend.


  • In all the tracks together, it is proposed to cover 50 lakh students by 2022.


  • To improve employability of students by introducing employment relevance into the learning process of the higher education system.
  • To forge a close functional link between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis.
  • To provide skills which are in demand, to the students in a dynamic manner.
  • To establish an ‘earn while you learn’ system into higher education.
  • To help business/industry in securing good quality manpower.
  • To link student community with employment facilitating efforts of the Government.

Operation of the Scheme

  • The primary scheme will be operated in conjunction with National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) which provides for placing of apprentices upto 10% of the total work force in every business/industry.
  • The scheme will be implemented by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), initially the Banking Finance Insurance Services (BFSI), Retail, Health care, Telecom, Logistics, Media, Management services, ITeS and Apparel. More sectors would be added over time with emerging apprenticeship demand and curriculum adjustments.

Significance of the scheme

  • Education with skills is the need of the hour and the SHREYAS will be a major effort in this direction to make degree students more skilled, capable, employable and aligned to the needs of our economy so that they contribute to country’s progress and also obtain gainful employment.
  1. Introduction
  2. Objectives
  3. Working



  • The objective is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalized and customized as per the requirements of the learner.


  • MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students.
  • MHRD would create and maintain a National NEAT platform that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions.
  • EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal.
  • They would be free to charge fees as per their policy.
  • As their contribution towards the National cause, they would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal.
  • MHRD would distribute the free coupons for learning to the most socially/economically backward students.
  • AICTE would be the implementing agency for NEAT programme.

Prime Minister’s Research Fellows Scheme

  1. About the Scheme
  2. Aim
  3. Selection
  4. Update
  5. Changes and implications

About PMRF

  • The scheme was announced in the Budget 2018-19.
  • The institutes which can offer PMRF include all the IITs, all the IISERs, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and some of the top Central Universities/NITs that offer science and/or technology degrees.


  • To attract the talent pool of the country to doctoral (Ph.D.) programs of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for carrying out research in cutting edge science and technology domains, with focus on national priorities.


  • Candidates are selected for the fellowship through a rigorous selection process.
  • For direct entry, applicants are judged on metrics including research exposure, publications, performance in international academic competitions, grades and recommendation letters.
  • For lateral entry, the metrics are a strong research proposal, publications record and grades. Due weightage will also be given to publication in reputed journals/conferences.


  • Union HRD Minister announces modifications in PMRF Scheme to boost research in the country.
  • The modifications will enable more students to avail of the benefit under PMRF scheme.

Changes and Implications

  • Now for the students from any recognised institute/ university (other than IISc/ IITs/NITs/IISERs/IIEST/CF IIITs), the requirement of GATE Score is reduced to 650 from 750 apart from minimum CGPA of 8 or equivalent.
  • Now, there will be two channels of entries, direct entry and lateral entry.
  • Under the lateral entry, candidates pursuing PhD in any PMRF granting institution can apply for the PMRF scheme if he/she satisfies certain conditions, as prescribed.
  • To boost research a dedicated Division is being created in the ministry with the name of “Research and Innovation Division”.
  • This division will be headed by a director who will be coordinating research work of various institutions coming under MHRD.
  1. Introduction
  2. Background
  3. Highlights
  4. Implementing Agency
  5. Objectives
  6. About ICSSR
  7. HEFA


  • IMPRESS scheme has been launched to promote Social Science Research in the country.
  • The Government has approved “Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education by 2022”, accordingly the scope of institutions to be funded through Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has been enlarged to encompass School Education and Medical Education institutions, apart from Higher Education.


  • The Government of India, in August 2018, had sanctioned the scheme “Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences (IMPRESS)” at a total cost of Rs. 414 Cr for implementation up to 31.03.2021.

Highlights of the Scheme

  • 1500 research projects will be awarded for 2 years to support the social science research in the higher educational and to enable research to guide policy making.

Implementing Agency

  • Indian Council of Social Science and Research (ICSSR)

Objectives of the Scheme

  • To identify and fund research proposals in social sciences with maximum impact on the governance and society.
  • To ensure selection of projects through a transparent, competitive process on online mode.
  • To provide opportunity for social science researchers in any institution in the country, including all Universities (Centre and State), private institutions with 12(B) status conferred by UGC.
  • ICSSR funded/recognized research institutes will also be eligible to submit research proposals on the given themes and sub-themes.

About ICSSR –

  • Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) was established in the year of 1969 by the Government of India to promote research in social sciences in the country.

About HEFA –

  • Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a joint venture of MHRD Government of India and Canara Bank with an agreed equity participation in the ratio of 91% and 9% respectively.
  • It is for financing creation of capital assets in premier educational institutions in India as part of rising 2022.
  • HEFA’s scope is greatly expanded to cover school education, educational institutes under Ministry of Health, etc.

HEFA is registered under Section 8 [Not-for-Profit] under the Companies Act 2013 as a Union Govt company and as Non-deposit taking NBFC (NBFC-ND-Type II) with RBI.

  1. Introduction
  2. About the Scheme
  3. Salient Features of SPARC
  4. Expected Outcome


  • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • The scheme aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s higher educational institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world.
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is the National Coordinating Institute to implement the SPARC programme.

About the Scheme

  • The Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC) is a Ministry of Human Resource Development initiative that aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s Higher Educational Institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world.
  • The Government in August 2018 had sanctioned the scheme at a total cost of Rs.418 Cr for implementation up to 31.3.2020. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is the National Coordinating Institute to implement the SPARC programme.

Salient Features of SPARC

  • This scheme will improve research ecosystem of India’s higher educational institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions [overall top-100 or category-wise top-100 in NIRF (including such Private Institutions which are recognized under 12(B) of UGC Act)] and the best institutions in the world (top-500 overall and top-200 subject-wise institutions listed in QS World University Ranking) from 28 selected nations [Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom(UK), United States of America(USA)] to jointly solve problems of national and international relevance.
  • As per the criteria mentioned above, 254 top Indian Institutes and 478 top ranked global Institutes have been already identified.
  • A set of 5 Thrust Areas (Fundamental Research, Emergent Areas of Impact, Convergence, Action-Oriented Research and Innovation-Driven) and sub-theme areas in each thrust area has been identified for collaboration under SPARC based on emergent relevance and importance for the nation.
  • Each Thrust Area will have a Section Chair.
  • The role of Section Chair of each Thrust Area is to review shortlist and recommend the potential joint-proposals submitted under SPARC scheme.
  • A set of Nodal Institutions (NI), from India, for each participating foreign country has been identified.
  • The role of a NI is to help, handhold and coordinate with willing Participating Indian (PI) Institutions to forge alliance with the Institutions of concerned participating foreign country, for academic and research collaboration. 25 such reputed Institutions have been notified as Nodal Institutions.
  • SPARC proposes to enable productive academic cooperation by supporting the following critical components that can catalyze impact making research :
  • Visits and long-term stay of top international faculty/researchers in Indian institutions to pursue teaching and research
  • Visits by Indian students for training and experimentation in premier laboratories worldwide
  • Joint development of niche courses, world-class books and monographs, translatable patents, demonstrable technologies or action oriented research outcomes and products
  • Consolidation of Bilateral cooperation through academic and research partnerships through Indo-X Workshops in India
  • Publication, Dissemination and Visibility through a high profile annual international conference in India.
  • This Scheme is expected to have a major impact in providing the best international expertise to address major national problems, expose Indian academicians to the best collaborators abroad, enable international faculty to stay in India for a longer duration, provide Indian students an opportunity to work in the world class laboratories, to develop strong bilateral relationships in research, and improve the international ranking of Indian Institutes.

Expected Outcome

  • The SPARC Scheme is expected to have a major impact in the following areas:
  • Providing the best international expertise in solving major national problems.
  • Help Indian academicians and researchers unravel deep and open research problems with the help of the best collaborators abroad.
  • Enable long-term stay for international faculty the simultaneously helps in academic interactions, research collaborations, niche course development.
  • Enable a large number of Indian students to be trained in high end experimental facilities available in the best laboratories in the world.
  • Produce a large volume of educational and research content in terms of high quality journal publications, text books, research monographs, patents, demonstrable technologies, products that are jointly authored by Indian and Foreign collaborators.
  • Have strong thematic interactions which enable students in the country interact with high quality research groups through Workshops held in India.
  • Develop strong Bilateral relationships in academics and research with top countries in the world.
  • Enable most of the top ranked Indian Institutions to develop academic and research collaboration with foreign institutions.
  • Improve International Rankings of Indian Institutions through a combination of internationalization, research outcomes and academic interactions.
  • Develop a set of success stories that can enable international agencies, Indian industries, partner ministries support follow up projects.
  • Create a major International Impact for Catapulting Indian Academics and Research and help make it competitive with the best worldwide.

Samagra Shiksha Scheme

  1. Introduction
  2. Objectives
  3. Major Features
  4. Status of the scheme
  5. Update
  6. Components of 2.0


  • Samagra Shiksha is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12.
  • The scheme has been prepared with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.
  • It subsumes the three Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE) and was launched in 2018.
  • The scheme covers 1.16 million schools, over 156 million students and 5.7 million Teachers of Govt. and Aided schools (from pre-primary to senior secondary level).


The major objectives of the Scheme are

  • Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
  • Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education;
  • Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
  • Promoting Vocationalisation of education;
  • Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009; and
  • Strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education and DIET as a nodal agencies for teacher training.

Major Features

  1. Holistic approach to education

Single Scheme for the School Education Sector from Classes I to XII- extension of interventions to senior secondary stage.

Treat school education holistically as a continuum from Pre-school to Class 12

Supporting States to initiate pre-primary education

Inclusion of senior secondary levels and pre-school levels in support for School education for the first time

  1. Administrative reform

Single and unified administrative structure leading to harmonized implementation

Flexibility to States to prioritise their interventions under the Scheme

An integrated administration looking at ‘school’ as a continuum

  1. Enhanced Funding for Education

The budget has been enhanced.

Learning outcomes and steps taken for quality improvement will be the basis for allocation of grants under the Scheme.

  1. Focus on Quality of Education

Emphasis on improvement of Learning Outcomes

Enhanced Capacity Building of Teachers

Focus on strengthening Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs to improve the quality of prospective teachers in the system

SCERT to be the nodal institution for in-service and pre-service teacher training – will make training dynamic and need-based.

Key focus on quality education emphasizing capacity building of teachers in online and offline mode as well as strengthening of Teacher Education Institutions SCERT/DIET/BRC/CRC/CTEs/IASEs.

Annual Grant per school for strengthening of Libraries

Almost 1 million schools to be given library grant .

Enhanced focus on improving quality of education by focus on the two T’s – Teachers and Technology

Outcome oriented allocation of resources

  1. Focus on Digital Education

Support ‘Operation Digital Board’ in all secondary schools over a period of 5 years, which will revolutionize education- easy to understand, technology based learning classrooms will become flipped classrooms.

Enhanced use of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels

Digital initiatives like Shala Kosh, Shagun, Shaala Saarthi to be strengthened

Strengthening of ICT infrastructure in schools from upper primary to higher secondary level.

“DIKSHA”, digital portal for teachers to be used extensively for upgrading skills of teachers

Enhanced Use of Technology to improve access and provision of quality education – ‘Sabko Shiksha Achhi Shiksha’

  1. Strengthening of Schools

Emphasis on consolidation of schools for improvement of quality

Enhanced Transport facility to children across all classes from I to VIII for universal access to school

Increased allocation for infrastructure strengthening in schools

Composite school grant increased and to be allocated on the basis of school enrolment.

Specific provision for Swachhta activities – support ‘Swachh Vidyalaya’

Improve the Quality of Infrastructure in Government Schools

  1. Focus on Girl Education

Empowerment of girls

Upgradation of KGBVs from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12 .

Self-defence training for girls from upper primary to higher secondary stage

Stipend for CWSN girls to be provided from Classes I to XII. – earlier only IX to XII.

Enhanced Commitment to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’

  1. Focus on Inclusion

Allocation for uniforms under RTE Act enhanced per child per annum.

Allocation for textbooks under the RTE Act, enhanced per child per annum. Energized textbooks to be introduced.

Allocation for Children with Special Needs (CwSN) increased from Rs. 3000 to Rs. 3500 per child per annum. Stipend of Rs. 200 per month for Girls with Special Needs from Classes 1 to 12.

Commitment to ‘Sabko Shiksha Achhi Shiksha’

  1. Focus on Skill Development

Exposure to Vocational Skills at Upper Primary Level would be extended.

Strengthening of vocational education at secondary level as an integral part of curriculum

Vocational education which was limited to Class 9-12, to be started from class 6 as integrated with the curriculum and to be made more practical and industry oriented.

Reinforce emphasis on ‘Kaushal Vikas’

  1. Focus on Sports and Physical Education

Sports equipment will be provided to all schools under this component.

Sports Education to be an integral part of curriculum

Every school will receive sports equipments under the scheme to inculcate and emphasize relevance of sports in the school curriculum

Support ‘Khelo India’

  1. Focus on Regional Balance

Promote Balanced Educational Development

Preference to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWEs, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border areas and the 115 aspirational districts identified by Niti Aayog

‘Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas’ and Sabko Shiksha Achhi Shiksha

Following new interventions have been incorporated in the revamped Samagra Shiksha based on the recommendations of the National Education Policy 2020:

  • In order to enhance the direct outreach of the scheme, all child centric interventions will be provided directly to the students through DBT mode on an IT based platform over a period of time.
  • The scheme will have an effective convergence architecture with various Ministries/ developmental agencies of the Centre and State Governments.
  • The expansion of vocational education will be done in convergence with the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and other Ministries providing funding for Skills.
  • The existing infrastructure of schools and ITIs and Polytechnics will be used to ensure optimum utilization of the facilities, not only for school going children but also for out of school children.
  • Provision of training of Master Trainers for training of Anganwadi workers and In-service teacher training for ECCE teachers.
  • Provision of upto Rs 500 per child for Teaching Learning Materials (TLM), indigenous toys and games, play based activities per annum for pre-primary sections in Government Schools.
  • NIPUN Bharat, a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy to ensure that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy at the end of grade III and not later than grade V has been launched under the scheme with provision of TLM upto Rs 500 per child per annum, Rs 150 per teacher for teacher manuals and resources, Rs 10-20 lakh per district for assessment.
  • Specific training   modules   under   NISHTHA  by NCERT to train Secondary teachers and Primary teachers.
  • Strengthening of infrastructure of schools from pre-primary to senior secondary, earlier pre-primary was excluded.
  • Incinerator and sanitary pad vending machines in all girls’ hostels.
  • Addition of new subjects instead of Stream in existing senior secondary schools.
  • Transport facility has been extended to secondary level @ upto Rs 6000 per annum.
  • For out of school children at 16 to 19 years of age, support will be provided to SC, ST, disabled children, upto Rs 2000 per child per grade to complete their secondary/senior secondary levels through NIOS/SOS.
  • Financial support for State Commission for Protection of Child Rights @ Rs 50 per elementary school in the state, for protection of child rights and safety.
  • Holistic, 360-degree, multi-dimensional report showing progress/ uniqueness of each learner in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains will be introduced in the form of Holistic Progress Card (HPC).
  • Support for activities of PARAKH, a national assessment centre (Performance, Assessments, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development)
  • Additional Sports grant of upto Rs. 25000 to schools in case atleast 2 students of that school win a medal in Khelo India school games at the National level.
  • Provision for Bagless days, school complexes, internships with local artisans, curriculum and pedagogical reforms etc included.
  • A new component Appointment of Language Teacher has been added in the scheme- components of training of teachers and bilingual books and teaching learning material added, besides support for salary of teachers.
  • Provision made for all KGBVs to be upgraded to class XII.
  • Enhanced financial support for existing Stand-alone Girls’ Hostels for classes IX to XII (KGBV Type IV) of uptoRs 40 lakh per annum (earlier Rs 25 lakh per annum).
  • Training for 3 months for inculcating self-defence skills under ‘Rani Laxmibai Atma Raksha Prashikshan’ and amount increased from Rs 3000 to Rs 5000 per month.
  • Separate provision of stipend for CWSN girls @ Rs. 200 per month for 10 months, in addition to student component from pre-primary to senior secondary level.
  • Provision of annual identification camps for CWSN at block level @Rs. 10000 per camp and equipping of Block Resource centres for rehabilitation and special training of CWSN.
  • Provision for Establishment of New SCERT has been included and new DIETs in districts created upto 31st March 2020.
  • Setting up of assessment cell preferably at SCERT to conduct various achievement surveys, develop test materials & item banks, training of various stakeholders & test administration, data collection analysis and report generation, etc.
  • The academic support of BRCs and CRCs has been extended for pre-primary and Secondary level also.
  • Support under   Vocational   Education   extended   to Government aided schools also in addition to Government Schools and grant/number of job roles/sections linked to enrolment and demand.
  • Provision of Classroom cum workshop for Vocational Education in schools serving as Hub for other schools in the neighbourhood. Provision of transport and assessment cost for schools serving as spokes has been made.
  • Provision of ICT labs, Smart classrooms including support for digital boards, smart classrooms, virtual classrooms and DTH channels have been provided.
  • Child tracking provision included for students of Government and Government aided schools
  • Support for Social Audit covering 20% of schools per year so that all schools are covered in a period of Five years.

Status of the scheme

  • The scheme launched in 2018 has been extended for the period 1st April, 2021 to 31st March, 2026 with an Financial outlay of Rs.2,94,283.04 crore which includes Central share of Rs.1,85,398.32 crore.


  • The Centre has approved the continuation of the ‘Samagra Shiksha Scheme’ for school education for the next five years till March 31, 2026.
  • The scheme has also been revamped now with the addition of new Components/initiatives based on the recommendations of the NEP 2020.

Components of the Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) 2.0

  • In order to enhance the direct outreach of the scheme, all child-centric interventions will be provided directly to the students through DBT [or direct benefit transfer] mode on an IT-based platform over a period of time.
  • This DBT would include RTE entitlements such as textbooks, uniforms and transport allowance.
  • Keeping with the NEP’s recommendations on encouraging Indian languages, it has a new component for appointment of language teachers, which includes salaries, and training costs as well as bilingual books and teaching learning material.
  • It will have the NIPUN Bharat initiative for foundational literacy and numeracy, which will get an annual provision of ₹500 per child for learning materials, ₹150 per teacher for manuals and resources and ₹10-20 lakh per district for assessment.
  • As part of digital initiatives, there is a provision for ICT labs and smart classrooms, including support for digital boards, virtual classrooms and DTH channels.
  • It includes a provision to support out of school children from age 16 to 19 with funding of ₹2000 per grade to complete their education via open schooling.
  • It also has a provision for an incentive of up to ₹25000 for schools that have two medal-winning students at the Khelo India school games at the national level.

Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat

  1. Introduction
  2. Objectives of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
  3. Themes
  4. Engagement matrix between states and UTs
  5. Illustrative List of Activities under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat


  • “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” was announced by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 31st October, 2015 on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Subsequently, the Finance Minister announced the initiative in his Budget Speech for 2016-17.
  • Through this innovative measure, the knowledge of the culture, traditions and practices of different States & UTs will lead to an enhanced understanding and bonding between the States, thereby strengthening the unity and integrity of India.
  • All States and UTs will be covered under the programme.
  • There will be pairing of States/UTs at national level and these pairings will be in effect for one year, or till the next round of pairings.
  • The State/UT level pairings would be utilized for state level activities.
  • District level pairings would be independent of the State level pairings.
  • The activity will be very useful to link various States and Districts in annual programmes that will connect people through exchanges in areas of culture, tourism, language, education trade etc. and citizens will be able to experience the cultural diversity of a much larger number of States/UTs while realising that India is one.

Objectives of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat

The broad objectives of the initiative are as follows:-

  1. To CELEBRATE the Unity in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our Country;
  2. PROMOTE the spirit of national integration through a deep and structured engagement between all Indian States and Union Territories through a year-long planned engagement between States;
  3. To SHOWCASE the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either State for enabling people to understand and appreciate the diversity that is India, thus fostering a sense of common identity;
  4. TO ESTABLISH long-term engagements and
  5. TO CREATE an environment which promotes learning between States by sharing best practices and experiences.


  • To celebrate the idea of India as a nation wherein different cultural units across varied geographies coalesce and interact with each other, this glorious manifestation of diverse cuisine, music, dance, theatre, movies & films, handicrafts, sports, literature, festivals, painting, sculpture etc. will enable people to imbibe the innate chord of binding and brotherhood.
  • To make our people aware about the seamless integral hull of the Modern Indian State spread across a landmass of 32 lakh sq. km, on whose firm foundations, the geo-political strength of the country is ensured benefitting one and all.
  • To impress upon people at large about the increasing inter-connectedness between the constituents of various cultural & economic zones which is so vital for the spirit of nation building.
  • To induce a sense of responsibility & ownership for the nation as a whole through these close cross-cultural interactions as it intends to build up the inter-dependence matrix unequivocally.
  • To further promote inter-state travel for boosting business activities of various hues.
  • To create a learning ecosystem between the various stakeholders of the partnering states so that they benefit from the best practices of one another by establishing a State to State Connect.

Engagement matrix between states and UTs

  1. Jammu & Kashmir
  2. Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh
  3. Himachal Pradesh & Kerala
  4. Uttarakhand & Karnataka
  5. Haryana  & Telangana
  6. Rajasthan  & West Bengal
  7. Gujarat & Chhaftisgarh
  8. Maharashtra & Odisha
  9. Goa & Jharkhand
  10. Delhi  & Sikkim & Assam
  11. Madhya Pradesh & Manipur & Nagaland
  12. Uttar Pradesh & Arunachal Pradesh & Meghalaya
  13. Bihar & Tripura & Mizoram
  14. Chandigarh & Dadra & Nagar Haveli
  15. Puducherry & Daman & Diu
  16. Lakshadweep & Andaman & Nicobar

Illustrative List of Activities under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat

  • Cultural Exchange Programmes between partnering States with the help of troupes identified in the home State through Cultural Competitions.
  • Translation of at least 5 Award Winning Books and Poetry, popular folk songs of One State in the Language of the partner State.
  • Identification, translation and dissemination of proverbs having similar meaning in the languages of the two States.
  • Exchange programme for Writers and poets.
  • Organize Culinary festivals with opportunity to learn culinary practices.
  • Organize Educational Tours for schools/Universities Students reciprocally.
  • Promotion of Home Stay for visitors.
  • Promotion of Rajya Darshan for tourists.
  • Organising Familiarisation Tours for the Tour Operators of one State.
  • Exposure of students of one State to alphabets, songs, proverbs and 100 sentences in the languages of the partner State.
  • Prepare and share with the partner States a book containing information on their culture, customs, traditions, flora & fauna etc. for dissemination to schools and colleges.
  • Encouraging the administration of oaths / Pledges in the languages of the pairing states.
  • Organising Essay Competition among students in the language of the partner State.
  • Organising Optional Classes in schools / colleges, where feasible, for learning the language of the partner State.
  • Organising Drama(s) of partner State in the educational institutions.
  • Exchange of information on traditional agricultural practices and forecasting among farmers in partner States.
  • Organising combined Tableau and participation of Parade Contingents of Partner States on ceremonial occasions.
  • Telecasting / Broadcasting of programmes of one State on the Regional Radio channels of Partner States.
  • Organising Film Festivals in the partner State with sub-titles.
  • Showcase wearing of traditional attire of the partner State.
  • Organising National/ State Specific Quiz Competitions in various languages on TV / Radio / Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat website.
  • Organising Photography competitions highlighting culture and heritage of the partner State
  • Encourage learning and exposure to traditional sports of the partner States.
  • Any other items.

GIAN Program

  1. Introduction
  2. Aim
  3. Objectives



  • GIAN aims at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs to engage with the institutes of higher education in India to augment the country’s existing academic resources, accelerate the pace of quality reforms, and further strengthen India’s scientific and technological capabilities.


  • To increase the footfalls of reputed international faculty in the Indian academic institutes.
  • Provide opportunity to our faculty to learn and share knowledge and teaching skills in cutting edge areas.
  • To provide opportunity to our students to seek knowledge and experience from reputed International faculty.
  • To create avenue for possible collaborative research with the international faculty.
  • Develop high quality course material in niche areas, both through video and print that can be used by a larger body of students and teachers.
  • To document and develop new pedagogic methods in emerging topics of national and international interest.

IMPacting Research, INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT)

  1. Introduction
  2. Aim
  3. About IMPRINT
  4. IMPRINT-2
  5. Scope
  6. Features


  • ‘IMPRINT India’, a pan-IIT and IISc joint initiative to develop a roadmap for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in ten technology domains relevant to India was launched on November 5, 2015.
  • Adopting engineering and technology as a vehicle to address the social needs, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (now renamed as Ministry of Education) has formulated a catalytic scheme for Impacting Research, Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) as a pan-India initiative.
  • IMPRINT is the first of its kind MHRD (now renamed as Ministry of Education) supported pan-IIT + IISc joint initiative to address the major science and engineering challenges that India must address and champion to enable, empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance.
  • IMPRINT provides the overarching vision that guides research into areas that are predominantly socially relevant.


  • Developing new engineering education policy
  • Creating a road map to pursue engineering challenges
  • This MHRD (now renamed as Ministry of Education) initiative has been coordinated by IISc and 16 IITs.
  • 25 Ministries signed an MoU for promoting research under IMPRINT.
  • The initiative now enjoys the funding support of over 25 ministries, departments and councils of the Central Government for identified projects.
  • This number is growing further and in doing so laying a firm long-term foundation for the initiative.
  • The programme builds around the great research talent and highly equipped and promising infrastructure of the Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
  • With an aim of achieving inclusion, the programme has currently also encompassed the Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) and in the future is poised to cover all the academic and research institutions of the country.

About IMPRINT India

  • IMPRINT scheme was launched in November, 2015 with a view to providing solutions to the most relevant engineering challenges by translating knowledge into viable technology (products or processes) in 10 selected technology domains, namely health care, energy, sustainable habitat, nano-technology hardware, water resources and river systems, advanced materials, Information and Communication Technology, manufacturing, security and defence, and environmental science and climate change.


  • IMPRINT-India initiative was both novel and unique.
  • Despite the unprecedented interest, widespread enthusiasm and unique scope and utility of the initiative, a need was felt to sharpen the focus, streamline the process of review and allotment, and showcase the fruits of innovation pursued and achieved through IMPRINT in the public domain by creating a ‘knowledge portal’.
  • Thus, IMPRINT has now graduated into the next edition, IMPRINT-2, with a wider scope, simpler guideline for participation and better synergy among investigators, partners and collaborators.
  • It is also realised and appreciated that IMPRINT-2 should be undertaken in a more inclusive manner by expanding the catchment of implementing institutions, by adopting a more demand-driven strategy of solution development and by incorporating the specific externalities of the states of India so as to make end-user translation and technology adoption easier.
  • The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) in the Department of Science & Technology (DST) is proposed to be made the nodal agency for implementing the IMPRINT-2.

Scope of IMPRINT-2

  • Develop products/processes and viable technologies for addressing the identified challenges in the different domains.
  • Formulate and develop focused translational projects against identified technology thrust areas by various stakeholder ministries.
  • Evolve new technology transfer models for enabling technology diffusion to industry and stakeholders.
  • Continuously monitor and refine the challenges and gaps in the various technology domains and map the same against the needs and strengths of the stakeholder ministries vis-Ã -vis academic and R&D institutions.
  • Align the programmers and projects with the needs of various industry sectors and the States of India in order to achieve end-user translation.
  • Facilitate building capability and competence in identified technology thrust areas in the various HEIs and universities in order to plug the demand-supply gap of human resources in specific areas of need.
  • The faculty members and researchers in all Government of India funded Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), especially IITs/NITs/IISERs/IIITs/CUs, who are pursuing research in engineering and technology are eligible to submit proposals in IMPRINT-2 as the Principal Investigator (PI).
  • IMPRINT-2 shall maintain an appropriate inventory of stakeholder needs and map the same against various products/technologies/knowledgebase likely to be developed under the initiative.

Important Features of IMPRINT-2

  • Principal objective is to translate knowledge into viable technology
  • About 425 projects with up to Rs. 2 crore budget will be supported
  • MHRD (now renamed as Ministry of Education) and DST are equal partners to steer the scheme
  • IMPRINT-2 is open to all MHRD (now renamed as Ministry of Education) funded HEIs / CFTIs
  • 27 ministries of GoI remain partners of IMPRINT-2
  • Projects with industry support will be preferred

JIGYASA” – Student-Scientist connect programme


  • Jigyasa, a student- scientist connect programme has officially been launched in Delhi.


  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), has joined hands with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to implement this programme.
  • The focus is on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend student’s classroom learning with that of a very well planned research laboratory based learning.
  • The “JIGYASA” would inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness on one hand and scientific temper on the other, amongst the school students and their teachers.
  • The Programme is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually.
  • The program will also enable the students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.

The model of engagement includes

  1. Student Residential Programmes.
  2. Scientists as Teachers and Teachers as Scientists.
  3. Lab specific activities / Onsite Experiments.
  4. Visits of Scientists to Schools/Outreach Programmes.
  5. Science and Maths Clubs.
  6. Popular Lecture Series/ demonstration programme at Schools.
  7. Student Apprenticeship Programmes.
  8. Science Exhibitions.
  9. Projects of National Children’s Science Congress.
  10. Teacher Workshops.
  11. Tinkering Laboratories.