The various causes for gender gaps in nutritional status are

  • Patriarchal mindset: Despite social progress, women largely continue to navigate through systems that are defined by masculinity. Class and caste hierarchies further sharpen the patriarchal grip, making it difficult for women to escape discrimination.
  • Early Marriage: Which make them deprived of iron reach diet and also leads to early sex and child bearing.
  • low social status: Preference of male child over the girl child affecting the girl health the most.
  • Low diet diversity: The diets of women in India are often too poor to meet their nutritional needs. Iron deficient and other micronutrient diet affects the most.
  • Poverty: Low income lead to less availability of food to people.
  • Low literacy: Low literacy among the mother’s and girl child make them vulnerable to less nutritious diet and physical changes in body.
  • Lack of awareness: Lack of awareness among the people about the importance of particular nutrition and vitamins make the situation worst.
  • Women’s reproductive biology and lack of access to healthcare & proper medicines: When mothers take only short intervals between pregnancies and have many children, this can exacerbate nutrition deficits, which are then passed on to their children.
  • Sociocultural traditions and disparities in household work patterns can also increase women’s chances of being malnourished.