Way forward in sex ratio

  • Increasing female education and economic prosperityhelp to improve the ratio.
  • It is hoped that a balanced sex ratio at birthcould be realised over time, although this does not seem to be happening during the period 2011-18.
  • In view of the complexity of son preference resulting in gender-biased sex selection, government actions need to be supplemented by improving women’s status in the society.

In conclusion, there is an urgent need to reach young people both for reproductive health education and services as well as to cultivate gender equity norms. This could reduce the effect of population momentum and accelerate progress towards reaching a more normal sex-ratio at birth. India’s population future depends on it.