Constitutional Safeguards for STs

  • 15(4):-Special provisions for advancement of other backward classes(which includes STs);
  • 29:- Protection of Interests of Minorities (which cludes STs);
  • 46:– The State shall promote, with special care, the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes, and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation,
  • 350:-Right to conserve distinct Language, Script or Culture;
  • 350:- Instruction in Mother Tongue.
  • 23:- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar form of forced labour;
  • 24:- Forbidding Child Labour.
  • 244:-Clause(1) Provisions of Fifth Schedule shall apply to the administration & control of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in any State other than the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura which are covered under Sixth Schedule, under Clause (2) of this Article.
  • 275:-Grants in-Aid to specified States (STs&SAs) covered under Fifth and Sixth Schedules of the Constitution.
  • 164(1):- Provides for Tribal Affairs Ministers in Bihar, MP and Orissa;
  • 330:-Reservation of seats for STs in Lok Sabha;
  • 337- Reservation of seats for STs in State Legislatures;
  • 334:-10 years period for reservation (Amended several times to extend the period.);
  • 243:-Reservation of seats in Panchayats.
  • 371:-Special provisions in respect of NE States and Sikkim
  • (Under Art.16(4),16(4A),164(B) Art.335, and Art. 320(40
    • Article 338Adirects the state to create a National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, to oversee the implementation of the provisions and safeguards of the rights of Scheduled Tribes in India.

It outlines the provisions for administration of Scheduled areas. It assures the establishment of Tribes Advisory Councils, with three-fourths representation from the tribes in the area, in states with Scheduled Tribes but without Scheduled Areas. The council’s duties include to advise on matters of welfare and advancement of the tribes.

Article 244 in Part X of the Constitution envisages a special system of administration for certain areas designated as ‘scheduled areas’ and ‘tribal areas’. The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.