Dilapidated structures, single-room schools, lack of drinking water facilities, separate toilets and other educational infrastructure is a grave problem.
Corruption and leakages:
The transfer of funds from the central to state to local governments to school leads to involvement of many intermediaries.
The fund transfer is drastically reduced by the time it reaches the true beneficiaries.
High rates of corruption and leakages plague the system, undermine its legitimacy and harm the many thousands of honest headmasters and teachers.
Quality of Teachers:
Lack of well trained, skilled and knowledgeable teachers which provide the foundation for a high quality education system.
Teacher shortages and poorly qualified teachers are both a cause and effect of poorly paid and managed teaching cadres.
The teachers are overburdened with senseless reports and administrative workload. This eats into the time which is necessary for teaching.
A study by the National Institute of Education Planning and Administration (NIEPA) revealed that teachers spend only around 19 percent of their time teaching while the rest is spent mostly on non-teaching administrative work.
Teachers are paid miserly salaries which affect their interest and dedication to work. They will look for other avenues like tuitions or coaching centers and coax the students to attend it.
This has dual effect, firstly the quality of teaching in schools drop and secondly, the poor students are forced to spend money despite constitutional provision of free education.
Absence of teachers during school hours is rampant. The lack of accountability and poor governance structures add to the woes.
Lack of Accountability:
School Management Committees are largely dysfunctional. Many exist solely on paper.
Parents are often not aware of their rights and if they are it is difficult for them to make their voice heard.
High drop-out rates:
The drop-out rates in schools, especially girls, is very high.
Many factors like poverty, patriarchal mindset, lack of toilets in schools, distance to schools and cultural elements lead to children dropping out from education.
Many schools are closed to low student strength, lack of teachers and infrastructure. The competition posed by private schools is also a major challenge to government schools.