Challenges for Early Childhood Care and Education

  • One of the major issues of ECCE is the unavailability of trained teachers.
  • Anganwadis are currently quite deficient in supplies and infrastructure for education.
  • As a result, they tend to contain more children in the 2-4-year age range and fewer in the educationally critical 4-6-year age range.
  • Anganwadis also have few teachers trained in or specially dedicated to early childhood education.
  • Private pre-schools often consist of formal teaching and rote memorisation with limited play-based learning.
  • A 2017 study by the Ambedkar University showed that “a significant proportion of children in India who completed pre-primary education, public or private, did not have the needed school readiness competencies when they joined primary school.