Robotics in Agriculture

The most popular applications of Robots in agriculture appear to fall into four major categories:

  • Crop and Soil Monitoring: Companies are leveraging sensors and various IoT-based technologies to monitor crop and soil health.
  • Predictive Agricultural Analytics: Various AI and machine learning tools are being used to predict the optimal time to sow seeds, get alerts on risks from pest attacks, and more.
  • Supply Chain Efficiencies: Companies are using real-time data analytics on data-streams coming from multiple sources to build an efficient and smart supply chain.
  • Agricultural Robots: Companies are developing and programming autonomous robots to handle essential agricultural tasks such as harvesting crops at a higher volume and faster pace than human labourers.


Some examples of Agricultural Robots:

  • Green seeker sensor: This smart machine reads a plant’s needs and then applies precisely the amount of fertilizer of herbicides needed. Green Seeker is a machine which uses the sensors to let the plant tell us that what it needs.
  • Robot drone tractors: A new generation  of  robot  drones  is  revolutionizing  the way  we  farm,  with  manufacturing  of  different  robots,  announcing  the  first ever  robot  drone  tractor  becomes  part of the agricultural  mainstream. Robot will decide where to plant, when to harvest and how to choose the best route for crisscrossing the farmland.
  • Flying Robots To Spread Fertilizer: A flying robot monitors the growing condition of the crops over farmlands in  Ili,  a  Kazak  autonomous  prefecture  in Northwest  China’s  Xinjiang Uygur  autonomous    With camera equipment and an automatic fertilizing system in the front, the      robot can fly autonomously and apply fertilizer independently.
  • Fruit Picking Robots: The research is still in full progress, especially as the robots need to be carefully designed so that they do not bruise the fruit while picking. One solution is  the  use  of  suction grippers,   used   on   automated   fruit   picking   machines manufactured,  for  example,  by
  • Robot Cattle Grazing and Automatic Milking: Is the milking of dairy animals, especially of dairy cattle, without human labour. Automatic milking systems (AMS), also called  voluntary milking systems (VMS), were developed in the late 20th century. They are commercially available since the early 1990s.


Scope of farm robots in India:

  • Our farm equipment   companies   and   researchers   have developed  a  lot  of  small  and  heavy  farm  equipment  for traditional  farming  needs  but  some  kind  of  robotic  and pneumatic  mechanism  are  required  in  precision
  • If the robots are being used for  weed control,  that  will  help  to  reduce  the  herbicides  usage  and the produces will turn into an organic, the same way robots can   be   used   for   transplanting   the   seedlings   to   avoid intensive
  • A few impressive innovative technologies  by  rural  inventors  electric  motors  can  be  operated  remotely  by  cell  phones, it’s very helpful to farmers in summer time since the power supply   is   irregular.
  • Advanced intelligent machines in  farming,  Sensors  or  readers  and  hand  held PDAs  are  going  to  be  great  helpful  in  computation  and accuracy  in
  • There are lot  of  hurdles  taken  in  the agriculture  sector  in  all  countries  but  specially  in
  • Farmers are decreasing in India. Many are leaving the farming profession by telling some repeated common sentences that  it  is  no  longer  profitable  and  non wants to get losses and it is becoming risky day by day.
  • The disadvantages make the youngsters also disinterested in that.



Robotics will definitely bring the agricultural revolution. Although the road ahead is not very smooth. We have to calculate the feasibility, sustainability and efficiency of meeting the world’s food needs. However, it would be interesting to see how the farmers, agri-businessmen and the consumers will utilize the power of Robotics and digital-mechanization to shape the future of this industry.