The most popular applications of Robots in agriculture appear to fall into four major categories:
- Crop and Soil Monitoring: Companies are leveraging sensors and various IoT-based technologies to monitor crop and soil health.
- Predictive Agricultural Analytics: Various AI and machine learning tools are being used to predict the optimal time to sow seeds, get alerts on risks from pest attacks, and more.
- Supply Chain Efficiencies: Companies are using real-time data analytics on data-streams coming from multiple sources to build an efficient and smart supply chain.
- Agricultural Robots: Companies are developing and programming autonomous robots to handle essential agricultural tasks such as harvesting crops at a higher volume and faster pace than human labourers.
Some examples of Agricultural Robots:
- Green seeker sensor: This smart machine reads a plant’s needs and then applies precisely the amount of fertilizer of herbicides needed. Green Seeker is a machine which uses the sensors to let the plant tell us that what it needs.
- Robot drone tractors: A new generation of robot drones is revolutionizing the way we farm, with manufacturing of different robots, announcing the first ever robot drone tractor becomes part of the agricultural mainstream. Robot will decide where to plant, when to harvest and how to choose the best route for crisscrossing the farmland.
- Flying Robots To Spread Fertilizer: A flying robot monitors the growing condition of the crops over farmlands in Ili, a Kazak autonomous prefecture in Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur autonomous With camera equipment and an automatic fertilizing system in the front, the robot can fly autonomously and apply fertilizer independently.
- Fruit Picking Robots: The research is still in full progress, especially as the robots need to be carefully designed so that they do not bruise the fruit while picking. One solution is the use of suction grippers, used on automated fruit picking machines manufactured, for example, by
- Robot Cattle Grazing and Automatic Milking: Is the milking of dairy animals, especially of dairy cattle, without human labour. Automatic milking systems (AMS), also called voluntary milking systems (VMS), were developed in the late 20th century. They are commercially available since the early 1990s.
Scope of farm robots in India:
- Our farm equipment companies and researchers have developed a lot of small and heavy farm equipment for traditional farming needs but some kind of robotic and pneumatic mechanism are required in precision
- If the robots are being used for weed control, that will help to reduce the herbicides usage and the produces will turn into an organic, the same way robots can be used for transplanting the seedlings to avoid intensive
- A few impressive innovative technologies by rural inventors electric motors can be operated remotely by cell phones, it’s very helpful to farmers in summer time since the power supply is irregular.
- Advanced intelligent machines in farming, Sensors or readers and hand held PDAs are going to be great helpful in computation and accuracy in
- There are lot of hurdles taken in the agriculture sector in all countries but specially in
- Farmers are decreasing in India. Many are leaving the farming profession by telling some repeated common sentences that it is no longer profitable and non wants to get losses and it is becoming risky day by day.
- The disadvantages make the youngsters also disinterested in that.
Robotics will definitely bring the agricultural revolution. Although the road ahead is not very smooth. We have to calculate the feasibility, sustainability and efficiency of meeting the world’s food needs. However, it would be interesting to see how the farmers, agri-businessmen and the consumers will utilize the power of Robotics and digital-mechanization to shape the future of this industry.