Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are cylindrical molecules that consist of rolled-up sheets of single-layer carbon atoms (graphene). They can be single-walled (SWCNT) with a diameter of less than 1 nanometer (nm) or multi-walled (MWCNT), consisting of several concentrically interlinked nanotubes, with diameters reaching more than 100 nm. Their length can reach several micrometers or even millimeters.

Like their building block graphene, CNTs are chemically bonded with sp2 bonds, an extremely strong form of molecular interaction


  • Used in electric wires to reduce losses
  • It can replace silicon made transistors as they are small and emit less heat and it can revolutionise electronics
  • Can be used in solar cell