Independence of the Supreme Court

  • Security of Tenure: Once appointed, the judges cannot be removed from the office except by an order of the President and that too on the ground of proven misbehavior and incapacity (Articles 124 and 217).
  • The salaries and allowances of the judges are fixed and are not subject to a vote of the legislature.
  • Powers and Jurisdiction of Supreme Court: Parliament can only add to the powers and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court but cannot curtail them.
  • No discussion in the legislature of the state with respect to the conduct of any judge of Supreme Court or of a High Court in the discharge of his duties.
  • Both the Supreme Court and the High Court have the power to punish any person for their contempt.