Implementation of DPSPs


  • Policies like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) gets their authority from Article 39(a) which talks about the right to adequate means of livelihood.
  • Laws such as the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986bolster the canons of Article 39(g) which deals with the protection of children.
  • Laws pertaining to prohibition of slaughter of cows and bullocks get their sanctity from Article 48 which deals with the organization of agriculture and husbandry.
  • Government Policies such as Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), Integrated Tribal Development Program (ITDP), and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Ayushman Bharata etc.are the reflections of the principle objectives enumerated in Article 47 which talks about raising the standard of living and to improve public health.
  • Government has undertaken reforms in Land laws which were the primary reasons for inequality British times. Such reforms give effect to Article 43 which tries to secure by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life
  • States have instituted scholarship programmes, subsidies for minority run institutions and also enacting Right to Education Act (RTE) in 2006 to give effect to Article 46 which seeks to promote educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people
  • Ever since independence, India’s foreign policy has revolved around promoting an international order based on humanity, peace, honorable relations, security etc. This has taken the form of organizations such as Non-Alignment Movement (NAM), International Solar Organization or even India’s commitment to Paris climate agreements These policies give effect to Article 51 which seeks to promote a foreign policy based on just and humane values.
  • Perhaps one of the greatest achievements of the government in giving effect to DPSP has been instituting local self-government institutions at the village and district level to give effect to Article 40 which seeks to organize village panchayats
  • Various programmes have been started at the central and state level to ensure adequate means of livelihood and also in ensuring good health of women (Janani Suraksha Yojana). Such programmes give effect to Article 39 which aims to secure a good standard of living for women in the country
  • India has enacted several environmental conservation acts such as- Environmental Protection Act, Wildlife conservation act etc. These acts seek to implement the provisions of Article 48A which seeks to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
  • The emphasis on ‘Early childhood care and education’ in the newly unveiled National Education Policy (NEP) seeks to realize the provisions of article 45 which aims to provide for early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.


Despite these actions taken for implementation of the DPSP, the DPSPs have not helped in truly realizing the goal of socio-economic justice in the country. Ex: High rate of poverty and inequality, discrimination faced by weaker sections in the society, degradation of environment etc.