Classification of DPSPs


Directive Principles are not classified in constitution as per their underlying philosophies. However, they can be classified into – socialistic, Gandhian and liberal-intellectual.

Socialistic principlesArticle 38: Promoting welfare of the society by securing a social order permeated by justice

 Article 39: To secure

  • Right of adequate means of livelihood
  • Equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good
  • Prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production
  • Equal pay for equal work for men and women
  • Preservation of health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse
  • Opportunities for healthy development of the child

Article 39A: To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor

Article 41: To secure the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement

Article 42: Make provisions for just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief

Article 43: To secure a living wage, a decent standard of life and social and cultural opportunities for all workers

Article 43A: Steps to secure participation of workers in the management of industries

Article 47: Raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health


Gandhian principles


Article 40: To organize village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers

Article 43: To promote cottage industries on an individual and cooperative basis

Article 43B: To promote functioning of cooperative societies

Article 46: To promote educational and economic interests of SCs, STs and other weaker sections

Article 47: To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs

Article 48: To prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds


Liberal-Intellectual principles

Article 44: To secure a uniform civil code for all

Article 45: To provide early childhood care until 6 years of age

Article 48: To organize agriculture and animal husbandry on modern scientific lines

Article 48A: To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wildlife

Article 49: To protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest

Article 50: To separate judiciary from the executive

Article 51: To promote international peace and security