Important Recommendations on Centre-State Relations

Administrative reforms commission

  • Establishment of an Inter-state council under Article 263 of the constitution
  • Appointment of persons having long-experiences in public life and non-partisan attitudes as governors
  • Delegated maximum powers to the states
  • Transferring of more financial resources to the states to reduce their dependency upon the centre
  • Deployment of central armed forces in the states either on their request or otherwise
  • Rajamannar committee appointed by Tamil Nadu government made various recommendation to address the asymmetry between powers of centre and the state
  • Punjab through Anandpur Sahib resolution and West Bengal through a memorandum made similar recommendations to address these asymmetry
  • Government appointed Sarkaria Commission in 1983 and Punnchi Commission in 2007 to examine the status of centre-state relations


Sarkaria commission recommendation:

  • Setting up a permanent inter-state council
    • Article 356 should be used sparingly
    • Institution of all-India service should be strengthened
    • Residuary power should remain with the parliament
    • Reasons should be communicated to the state when state bills are vetoed by the President
    • Centre should have powers to deploy its armed forces, even without the consent of states. However, it is desirable that the states should be consulted
    • Procedure of consulting the chief minister in the appointment of the state governor should be prescribed in the constitution itself
    • Governors should be allowed to complete their term of five years
    • Commissioner for linguistic minorities should be activated


Punchhi commission

    • Giving a fixed term of five years to the governors and their removal by the process of impeachment
    • Union should be extremely restrained in asserting Parliamentary supremacy in matters assigned to the states
    • It prescribed certain conditions that one should keep in mind while appointing governors:
      • He should be eminent in some walk of life
      • He should be a person from outside the state
      • He should be a detached figure and not connected with the local politics
      • He should not be connected with politics in recent past
    • Government should be given a fixed tenure of five years
    • Procedure given for the impeachment of the President could be made applicable to governor as well
    • Governor should insist on Chief Minister proving his majority on the floor of the house for which he should prescribe a time-limit
    • Bommai case guidelines should be kept in mind while deciding cases related to President’s rule
    • Inter-state council should be made more use of to further centre-state relations