Devagiri Yadavas (1187-1317) AD
- They ruled area between Narmada and Tungabhadra comprising the areas of present day Maharshtra, southern Madhya Pradesh and northern parts of Karnataka.
- This dynasty is also knwn as SEVUNA, GAVLI KINGS.
- Devagriri(daulatbad ) was their capital.
- Initially they were feudatories of western Chalukyas
- Bhillamma declared independence and started independent rule.
- They maintained rivalary with Kakatiyas and Hoysalas.
- The Yadava kingdom reached its peak under Simhana II, and flourished until the early 14th century, when it was annexed by the Delhi Sultanate.
- Harpaladeva was the last king in this dynasty.
Literature and Language:
- The Yadavas were the first major dynasty to use Marathi as an official language. Earlier, both Sanskrit and Kannada had been used for official inscriptions in present-day Maharashtra; subsequently, at least partly due to the efforts of the Yadava rulers, Marathi became the dominant official language of the region
- Mukundaraya wrote Vivekasindhu in Marathi.
- Gnyaneshwar wrote Gnyaneshwari, a marthi language commentary on Bhagwad Gita.
- Hemadri composed Chaturanga Chintamani. (Sanskrit)
- Sarangapani composed sangeetaratnakara (considered to be first book on music).
- Kannada was one of the court languages during early Yadava times, as is evident from a number of Kannada-language inscriptions.