Hoysalas

 

Political History: 

  • Hoysalas were feudatories of chalukyas of Kalyana.
  • Dwarasamudra(Halebeedu) was their capital.
  • Sala was the founder of this dynasty.
  • He was succeeded by Vinayaditya and Balalla 1.
  • Vishnuvardhana(Bittideva) was greatest in Hoysala dynasty.
  • He completely routed Cholas from Gangavadi in battle of Talakadu, for this he got the title Talkadugonda.
  • In commemoration of this victory he built kirtinarayana temple at Talakadu and Chennakesavar temple at Beluru.

Religion:

  • Hoysalas patronized Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Jainism.
  • Vishnuvardhana followed Jainism.
  • He was influenced by Sri Ramanujacharya and converted into srivaishnavism.(remember we discussed in Cholas history that Ramajunacharya left srirangam in Tamil nadu and settled in Melukote, Karnataka).

Literature:

  • Kannada and Sanskrit literature developed during this period.
  • Important literary works in Kannada are
    • Harihara-
    • Raghavanka- Harishchandracharite
    • Nemichandra- leelavati Prabhanda
    • Janna-

Art and Architecture:

  • Hoysalas combined Vesara and Dravida style and developed new Hoysala style.
  • Important features of this style are
    • Star shaped platform
    • The jagati around the temple is the open pradakshinapatha.
    • Polished pillar with variety of designs.
    • Elaborate carvings and beautifully carved madanika figures.
    • Vimana(shikara) in pyramidical shape.
    • Most of their temples in Bhumija style. In this style miniature shikara is carved on the outerwall of the temple.
  • Examples of Hoysala temples are.
    • Channakeshava temple at Beluru
    • Hoysaleshvara temple at Halebidu
    • Keshava temple Somnathpura
  • They constructed Jain Basadis also. Eg. Savathi Gandhavarana Basadi at Shravanabelagola.

Chennakeshava Temple, Belur

Above pictures show intricate carving on temple walls.