Sufi Movement

  • The word ‘Sufi’ derives its name from another Arabic word ‘Suf which means wool. The Muslim saints who wore garments of coarse wool began to be called Sufi saints.
  • Sufism entered India in the 12th century with Muslim invaders and became popular in the 13th century.
  • The Sufi’s main theme was Wahadut-ul-Wajud (Unity of God).
  • It developed first in Iraq. The first Sufi saint was Begum Rabia of Bashera in Iraq.
  • Sufi orders were called as Silsilas
  • Maximum number of orders were found in Afghanistan