- Persian, Sanskrit and regional languages developed during the Mughal rule.
- Persian was the language of administration in Mughal Empire.
- The greatest contribution in the field of literature during the Mughal rule was the development of Urdu as a common language of communication for people speaking different dialects.
- Babur wrote his autobiography, Tuzuk-i-Baburi in Turki language.
- This autobiography gives details of flora and afauna in India.
– Illustrations in the Baburnama regarding the fauna of India.
- Babarnama(translation of tuzuk I baburi) was written in Persian by Abdul Rahim Khan.
- Abdul Fazl has written Akbarnama (history of Akbar) and Ain-i-Akbari(administration book).
- Jahangir hasitten his autobiography as Tuzuk-i-jahangiri.
- Mutamid khan has written biography of Jahangir as Iqbalnamah-i-Jahangir.
- Shahjahan’s biography padshanamah was written by two author. They were Abdul Hamid lahori and Inayat Khan. Inayat khan wrote shahjahan namah.
- Persian literature was enriched by translations of Sanskrit works.
- The Mahabharata was translated under the supervision of Abul Faizi, brother of
Abul Fazal and a court poet of Akbar.
- Dara Shikoh translated the Bhagavat Gita and Upanishads into the Persian language. His most famous work, Majma-ul-Bahrain.
- Badauni was bitter critic of Akbar. He translated Mahabharata into Persian as Razanamah.
- Regional languages such as Bengali, Oriya, Rajasthani and Gujarathi had also developed during this period.
- From the time of Akbar, Hindi poets were attached to the Mughal court. The most influential Hindi poet was Tulsidas, who wrote the Hindi version of the Ramayana, the Ramcharitmanas.
- Jaganath Pandithraya , court poet of Shahjahan has written two Sanskrit books Ganga Lahari and Rasagangadharam.
– Abul Fazal presenting Akbarnama to Akbar