Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.

  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
  • It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
  • The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.
  • The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
  • Permanent Secretariat is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Like NAM again, the OIC is a toothless tiger when it comes to dealing with squabbles among member states.
  • The body has usually been supportive of Pakistan and often sided with Islamabad in its disputes with India.


Significance of OIC for India:

  • OIC’s growing economic and energy interdependence with India has become important in recent times.
  • That India has one of the world’s largest Muslim populations, of course, is the immediate explanation of the surprising invite for Swaraj to address the OIC.


India invited as ‘guest of honour’ to OIC meet

In a major diplomatic victory for India and a setback for Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates has invited foreign minister Sushma Swaraj to attend the foreign ministers’ meet of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) States, set to take place in Abu Dhabi, the first such invite in five decades.

Finance Minister Sushma Swaraj will be the “guest of honour” at the inaugural plenary 46th meeting of OIC foreign ministers.

The move is seen as a major blow to Pakistan that has consistently opposed India’s entry into the grouping despite having the third-largest Muslim population in the world.

India is not a member of the OIC, but was invited to the Abu Dhabi meeting as the guest of honour.


Indian views in OIC meeting:

India see this invitation as a milestone in our comprehensive strategic partnership with the UAE. We also see this invitation as a welcome recognition of the presence of 185 million Muslims in India and of their contribution to its pluralistic ethos, and of India’s contribution to the Islamic world.

Ms. Swaraj said the fight against terrorism and extremism does not amount to a clash of cultures and instead described it as a fight between ideas.

She presented India’s pluralism and diversity as a source of strength and said Indian Muslims are a “microcosm” of India’s larger diverse culture.

Besides, India has worked overtime to increase its stakes in Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

While secular Central Asian states which are also OIC members are seeking deeper ties with India, Delhi despite pressure from the USA, has continued to engage in a concrete fashion with Iran, another OIC state.

In the Gulf region and wider West Asia all other five states, Jordan and Iraq besides UAE have strategic partnership with India that helped Delhi’s entry as a guest in OIC.


OIC Countries: Economic and Energy Independence with India:

The present situations created a new framework for India’s engagement with the Muslim world and the Middle East.

Equally important has been the region’s growing economic and energy interdependence with India, which is emerging as the world’s third-largest economy and one of the biggest hydrocarbon importers and labour exporters.

As the region’s geopolitics enters a turbulent period, the potential for India as a military partner is also coming into view.

That India has one of the world’s largest Muslim populations, of course, is the immediate explanation of the surprising invite for Swaraj to address the OIC.

India’s observer status at the OIC does not appear to be around the corner.

Swaraj’s participation in the Abu Dhabi ministerial, therefore, must be viewed as a diplomatic opening for a sustained and long-term political engagement of the Islamic world as a collective.



India has been consistently criticised by the OIC for its alleged human rights violations in Kashmir, often seen at the behest of Pakistan.

Pakistan on its part had objected stating that any country wishing to get observer status should not be involved in any dispute with an OIC member state the reference being to the India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir.

With India moving to recraft and consolidate its ties with major Muslim countries in recent years, countries such as the UAE and Turkey besides Saudi Arabia have responded to New Delhi’s overtures.

Elaborating on India’s vast Muslim community, Foreign Minister highlighted about Muslim in India speak Tamil and Telugu, Malayalam and Marathi, Bangla and Bhojpuri or any of the numerous languages of India.

They have diverse culinary tastes, myriad choices of traditional attire, and they maintain strong cultural and linguistic heritage of the regions they loved and have lived for generations.