The state of Odisha is famous for this form of folk painting. Some of the features of this form of painting are:
- Pattachitra is a picture painted on a piece of cloth.
- This form of art is closely related to the cult of Shri Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri.
- It is believed to have originated as early as the 12th century
- Some of the popular themes represented through this art form are Thia Badhia– depiction of the temple of Jagannath; Krishna Lila – enactment of Jagannath as Lord Krishna displaying his powers as a child; Dasabatara Patti – the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu; Panchamukhi – depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity. More than anything, the themes are clearly the essence of the art form, conceptualizing the meaning of the paintings.
- Most of the materials used in this painting are natural substances
- It is a disciplined form of art with a set of rules and restrictions. A floral border is a must around the paintings, and so is the use of natural colors.
- The paintings are executed primarily in profile with elongated eyes, as well.
- With the use of such prominent solid shades, the paintings end up depicting stark emotional expressions with great detail.
Over the years the art form has evolved and has experienced discernible changes. The Chitrakars have painted on palm leaves and Tussar silk and have also created wall hangings and showpieces.
Figure: Pattachitra painting