- They are located near Mumbai
- They cover the period from 2nd to 9th century AD
- They belong to the Hinayana phase of Buddhist architecture
- However, additions were made when Mahayana Buddhism was gaining ground. Ex: 5th century image of Buddha
- It has around 100 caves.
- These caves are located within the island of Salsette
- They belong to the last stages of Mahayana Buddhism
- Brahmanical shrines are also found here
They belong to the second half of the 8th century
- It is also called as Mandapeswar caves. It is situated near Mumbai
- The caves are situated in Mount Poinsur, Borivali, a suburb of Mumbai. Originally, the caves were on the banks of the Dahisar Riverbut later the course of the river changed
- They are the only Brahmanical caves to be converted into a Christian shrine
- It has three caves which are dated to 8th century
- Karla caves are located on Banaghta hills near Mumbai
- It belongs to the Hinayana period of the Buddhist architecture
- The chaitya here is among the largest and the best preserved in the country
- Many traders and Satavahana rulers made grants for construction of these caves.
- The main cave, called the Great Chaitya cave, or Cave No.8, features a large, intricately carved chaitya, or prayer hall, dating back to 120 CE.
- It is located near Pune
- They are believed to be excavated in 2nd century BC
- It belongs to the Hinayana Buddhism sect in Maharashtra
- These caves are notable for their indications of the awareness of wooden architecture
- The carvings prove that tabla – a percussion instrument – was used in India for at least 2300 years
- It is located near Pune
- The Chaitya resembles the great hall at Karle but is smaller.
- It has four pillars with carvings of horses, bulls and elephants mounted by make and female riders
- It is located in the state of Maharashtra
- is one of the largest rock-cut Hindu temple cave complexes in the world, featuring Hinduism in particular and few Buddhist and Jain monuments with Artwork dating from the 600–1000 CE period
- Cave 16 features the largest single monolithic rock excavation in the world, the Kailash temple, a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Lord Shiva.
- There are over 100 caves at the site, all excavated from the basalt cliffs in the Charanandri Hills
- All of the Ellora monuments were built during the Rashtrakuta dynasty, which constructed part of the Hindu and Buddhist caves, and the Yadava dynasty, which constructed a number of the Jain caves.
- Cave 15 of Ellora is known as Dashavatara cave. It belongs to the period of Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga. This cave mainly depicts Lord Shiva & Lord Vishnu in various forms. This two-storeyed structure has a large courtyard in which stands a monolithic Nandi mandapa.
- Notable among the Buddhist caves is Cave 10, a chaityaworship hall called the ‘Vishvakarma cave’, built around 650 CE. It is also known as the “Carpenter’s Cave”, because the rock has been given a finish that has the appearance of wooden beams.
- At the north end of Ellora are the five Jain caves belonging to the Digambara sect, which were excavated in the ninth and early tenth centuries could be found
- The Indra Sabha (Cave 32), excavated in the 9th century, is a two-storey cave with a monolithic shrine in its court. 19th-century historians confused the Jain Yakshas for alternate images of Indra that were found in Buddhist and Hindu artworks, thus leading to the temple being given the misnomer “Indra Sabha”.
- The caves are carved out of flood basalt rock of a cliff, part of the Deccan Traps formed by successive volcanic eruptions at the end of the Cretaceous geological period.
- They are a group of rock-cut caves in the Sahyadri ranges on Waghora River near Aurangabad in Maharashtra.
- There are a total of 29 caves. All of these caves belong to the religion of Buddhism
- The caves were developed in the period between 200 BCE to 650 CE.
- The construction of the caves received patronage from Vakatakas kings
- References to these caves could be found in the observations made by the Chinese traveller Fa Hien and also Hieun Tsang
- The earliest group consists of caves 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15A. The murals in these caves depict stories from the Jataka
- The second phase of construction at the Ajanta Caves site began in the 5th century. The second phase is attributed to the theistic Mahayana
- It is located in Mumbai
- They belong to 8th century AD
- The Ganesh Gumpha is one of the earliest examples of the Brahmanical temple and has been excavated in a rock terrace, the outside consisting of a columned verandah and approached by steps flanked by sculpted elephants
- One of the master-piece of this cave is the three faced-image of Shiva
- Other important sculptures here are- Ravana shaking Kailasa, marriage of Shiva and Parvati, Shiva performing the Tandava dance, Ardhanariswara
- These caves are located in MP
- They contain some of the oldest surviving Hindu temples and iconography in India
- They are the only site that can be verifiably associated with a Gupta period monarch from its inscriptions.
- Udayagiri caves contain iconography of Vaishnavism (Vishnu), Shaktism (Durga and Matrikas) and Shaivism (Shiva)
- They are notable for the ancient monumental relief sculpture of Vishnu in his incarnation as the man-boar Varaha, rescuing the earth symbolically represented by Bhudevi clinging to the boar’s tusk as described in Hindu mythology
- The site has important inscriptions of the Gupta dynasty belonging to the reigns of Chandragupta II (c. 375-415) and Kumaragupta I
- The Udayagiri Caves complex consists of twenty caves, of which one is dedicated to Jainism and all others to Hinduism