Growth trajectory

  • India’s production of food grains has been increasing every year, and India is among the top producers of several crops such as wheat, rice, pulses, sugarcane and cotton. It is the highest producer of milk and second highest producer of fruits and vegetables. In 2013, India contributed 25% to the world’s pulses production, the highest for any one country, 22% to the rice production and 13% to the wheat production.  It also accounted for about 25% of the total quantity of cotton produced, besides being the second-highest exporter of cotton for the past several years.
  • However, the agricultural yield (quantity of a crop produced per unit of land) is found to be lower in the case of most crops, as compared to other top producing countries such as China, Brazil and the United States.

Growth Trajectory in Indian Agriculture

  • Agricultural growth has been fairly volatile over the past decade, ranging from 5.8% in 2005-06 to 0.4% in 2009-10 and -0.2% in 2014-15. Such a variance in agricultural

growth has an impact on farm incomes as well as farmers’ ability to take credit for investing in their landholdings.

Growth trajectory

  • Contribution to GDP over the years:

Growth trajectory

Role of agriculture in Indian economy:

  • Share in National Income
  • Largest Employment Providing Sector.
  • Contribution to Capital formation.
  • Providing Raw Material to industries.
  • Market for Industrial Products.