Ramsar sites

Ramsar convention:

  • It is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands.
  • It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the Caspian Sea, where the treaty was signed on 2 February 1971.
  • Known officially as ‘the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat’ (or, more recently, just ‘the Convention on Wetlands’), it came into force in 1975.


Montreux Record:

  • Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
  • It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
  • The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the Conference of the Contracting Parties (1990).
  • Sites may be added to and removed from the Record only with the approval of the Contracting Parties in which they lie.


Wetlands are crucial for a healthy planet because:

The health of people on our planet depends on healthy wetlands.

  • 40% of the world’s species live or breed in wetlands.
  • Wetlands are “nurseries of life” – 40% of animals breed in wetlands.
  • Wetlands are “kidneys of the earth” – they clean the environment of pollutants.
  • Wetlands “matter for climate change” – they store 30% of land-based carbon.
  • Wetlands “minimize disaster risks” – they absorb storm surge.


List of Ramsar sites in India

Sl. No.Name of SiteState Location
1Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh
2Deepor BeelAssam
3Kabartal WetlandBihar
4Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat
5Thol Lake Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat
6Wadhvana WetlandGujarat
7Sultanpur National ParkHaryana
8Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana
9Chandertal WetlandHimachal Pradesh
10Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh
11Renuka WetlandHimachal Pradesh
12Wular LakeJammu & Kashmir
13Hokersar WetlandJammu & Kashmir
14Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu & Kashmir
15Tsomoriri LakeJammu & Kashmir
16Asthamudi WetlandKerala
17Sasthamkotta LakeKerala
18Vembanad Kol WetlandKerala
19Tso Kar Wetland ComplexLadakh
20Bhoj WetlandsMadhya Pradesh
21Lonar LakeMaharashtra
22Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra
23Loktak LakeManipur
24Bhitarkanika MangrovesOrissa
25Chilka LakeOrissa
26Beas Conservation ReservePunjab
27Harike LakePunjab
28Kanjli LakePunjab
29Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab
30Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab
31Ropar LakePunjab
32Keoladeo Ghana NPRajasthan
33Sambhar LakeRajasthan
34Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
35Rudrasagar LakeTripura
36Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
37Parvati Agra Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
38Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
39Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
40Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
41Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh
42Sur SarovarUttar Pradesh
43Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Uttar Pradesh
44Asan Conservation ReserveUttarakhand
45East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal
46Sunderbans WetlandWest Bengal


ramsar sites