Types of Emotion

  • Primary emotion – These are basic and universal in the sense that they are automatic and experienced in all cultures and social contexts. Robert Plutchik identified eight of these– fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation, joy and trust.


  • Secondary emotion – These are formed as a result of combination of primary emotions and may give rise to more complex emotions known as secondary emotions. For instance, Contempt- combination of anger and disgust, Optimism – combination of serenity and interest.