Distribution of Mangroves

 

Global Distribution

  • “About 40% of [the] world’s mangrove cover is found in South East Asia and South Asia… India has about 3% of the total Mangrove cover in South Asia”
  • There are 15.9 million hectares of mangrove forests in the warm waters of tropical oceans all over the world. Along the Atlantic coast they are found from Florida till Argentina in a vast expanse. Mangroves grow on both the western and eastern coasts of Africa. They stretch into India, Burma, and south-east Asia. Mangrove forests are also common in New Zealand and Australia.

 

 

Mangroves distribution in India

  • “Mangrove cover in the country has increased by 54 sq km (1.10%) as compared to the previous assessment.”
  • “The current assessment shows that mangrove cover in the country is 4,975 sq km [(1.2 million acres)], which is 0.15% of the country’s total geographical area.”
  • They are found in the following states and Union Territories in India: West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  • The major concentrations of mangroves are in the Sunderbans delta and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. However, the mangroves are also found in the deltaic areas of Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna river basins.
  • The Government of India formed an Indian Mangrove Committee in 1976. M.S. Swaminathan Research Institute, Chennai is also engaged in management of mangroves in states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.