The Forest Conservation Act, 1980

  • Enacted to check the indiscriminate deforestation of forest lands.It was amended in 1988 with prescribing the punishment for violations.
  • Some Salient Features includes –
    • Working plans should be up-to-date and should stress on conservation of forests.
    • Preliminary plans should have a multi-dimensional approach.
    • Tribal rights and concessions should be highlighted with control mechanisms.
    • Grazing should be studied and specific prescriptions should cover fodder propagation.
    • Clear felling with artificial regeneration should be avoided as far as possible and clear-felling blocks should not exceed 10 hectares in hills and 25 hectares area in plainsBanning all feeling above 1000 m altitude for a few years to allow recovery of these areas.