National Policy on Disaster Management, 2009

The National Policy on Disaster Management (NPDM) has been prepared in tune with and in pursuance of the Disaster Management Act, 2005. National Policy on Disaster Management (NPDM) will provide the framework/roadmap for handling disasters in a holistic manner.

The Policy covers all aspects of disaster management covering institutional, legal and financial arrangements; disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness, techno-legal regime; response, relief and rehabilitation; reconstruction and recovery; capacity development; knowledge management and research and development.

It focuses on the areas where action is needed and the institutional mechanism through which such action can be channelized.

The NPDM addresses the concerns of all the sections of the society including differently abled persons, women, children and other disadvantaged groups. In terms of grant of relief and formulating measures for rehabilitation of the affected persons due to disasters, the issue of equity/inclusiveness has been accorded due consideration.

The NPDM aims to bring in transparency and accountability in all aspects of disaster management through involvement of community, community based organizations, Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), local bodies and civil society.

Vision

To build a safe and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster oriented and technology driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.

Approach

  • A holistic and integrated approach will be evolved toward disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. The themes underpinning the policy are:
  • Community based DM, including last mile integration of the policy, plans and execution.
  • ­Capacity development in all spheres.
  • ­Consolidation of past initiatives and best practices.
  • ­Cooperation with agencies at national and international levels.
  • ­ Multi-sectoral synergy.

 

Objectives

The objectives of the national policy on disaster management are:­

  • Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education.
  • Encouraging mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdom and environmental sustainability.
  • ­ Mainstreaming disaster management into the developmental planning process.
  • ­Establishing institutional and techno-legal frame works to create an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime.
  • Ensuring efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks.
  • ­Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and failsafe communication with information technology support.
  • ­Promoting a productive partnership with the media to create awareness and contributing towards capacity development.
  • ­Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the society.
  • ­Undertaking reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living.
  • ­Promoting productive and proactive partnership with media in disaster management.