GENERAL STUDIES DAILY ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE – 2013
You can access previous questions and answers of Daily Answer Writing Challenge series below:
QUESTIONS: 30/11/2013 ( institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections)
- Analyze the functioning of NHRC in India. (200 Words)
- The statistics presented in the recently released National Crime Records Bureau report 2012, reaffirm the rising trend of crimes against women. The abysmal conviction rate for these crimes reveals the ineptness of the criminal justice system, which continues to remain hostile to women across the country. Analyze the revelations of NCRB in the light of increasing violence against women in India. (200 Words)
- Critically assess the performance of NCW. (200 Words)
- What institutional mechanisms India has to protect the rights of its children? Critically comment on the role of state and its institutions in eliminating corporal punishment in schools.(200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 29/11/2013 (RPA, International Relations)
- In the light of recent Supreme Court judgments directly or indirectly affecting the provisions of Representation of People Act, analyze the impact of these judgments on Indian polity and on the relationship between Judiciary and the Executive. (250 Words)
- “India and Japan are almost polar opposites when it comes to nuclear weapons and nuclear energy – as matters of national policy, and even, as a matter of national political identities. ” Do you this would affect the relationship between two countries? Comment. (200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 28/11/2013 (Resources, infrastructure)
- “Infrastructure is India’s biggest supply chain challenge.” Comment.(200 Words)
- Examine how ‘smart grids’ can be a solution to India’s power woes. (200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 27/11/2013 (Comparison of constitutions, Energy security/technology/policies of developed countries….)
- Compare and contrast important features of the constitution of Afghanistan and India. (250 Words)
- Examine in what ‘unique’ ways India’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damages Act, 2010 (the Act) deals with supplier liability? Also throw light on how the present act impacts nuclear commerce. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 26/11/2013 (India and its neighbors)
- “Besides, geo-political considerations, historical and civilizational links, and the ethnic overlap across their borders, have all come together to make India’s North-East the land bridge between the South and South-East Asia through Myanmar.” How far has India made use of these factors in building a strong relationship with Myanmar? Critically assess. (250 Words)
- “There can be no separate foreign policy for Tamil Nadu.” Comment. (200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 25/11/2013 (India and Neighboring countries)
- “A sub-regional energy grid between Bhutan, India and Bangladesh can become an effective conduit for strengthening sub-regional diplomacy and help in addressing the latent but underlying concerns of Bhutan, which have the potential to impact India–Bhutan bilateral relations in the long term.” Elaborate. (250 Words)
- “An important bilateral issue between Nepal and India is related to politics and security.” (200 Words)
- “A collaborative approach is essential for India and Bangladesh to share and manage river water resources.” Comment. (200 Words)
- How far it is relevant to hold that the Palestine issue is a constraint in the development of good relations between India and Israel. (150 Words)
- What, in your view, are the causes for the continual fluctuations/fall in the value of the India Rupee in Dollar terms in recent times? Suggest possible mitigation strategies. (200 Words)
- Critically assess the role of FDI in insurance and pension funds. (250 Words)
- “The continuing tragedy is that the Indian system is not able to deliver the ‘surplus’ food grain to the hungry.” Comment. (200 Words)
- Examine the relevance of Jawaharlal Nehru’s ideas in the international relations of today. (200 Words)
- ” India should be a shareholder and not just a stakeholder in Africa’s development process.” Comment (250 Words)
- “The NeGP is a centralised initiative with a decentralized implementation model.” Analyze. (250 Words)
- Write a short note on e-TAAL (100 Words)
- “The Government has a different but equally important role to play in cyber security assurance in the form of long-term strategies.” Elaborate. (150 Words)
- “There is probably no other example in the history of world development of an economy[India] growing so fast for so long with such limited results in terms of broad-based social progress.” Do you agree with this view? Explain Why? (250 words)
- Analyze how can countries like India address the challenges and benefit from the opportunities in the domestic and the global cyber security market? (250 Words)
- ‘As communication becomes increasingly digital, many of the values of a nation state will give way to those of both larger and smaller electronic communities. We will socialize in digital neighbourhoods in which physical space will be irrelevant and time will play a different role.’ Elaborate. (200 Words)
- India’s public distribution system to some extent has helped in reduction of rural poverty. Evaluate the performance of PDS and analyze what ails it. (250 Words)
- “The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) decision not to prohibit corporate/industrial houses from applying (unlike in 1994 and 2001) for banking licences threatens to take us back to the days before bank nationalisation.” What is the ‘threat’ involved in giving new bank licences to corporate/industrial houses? Comment. (200 Words)
- Analyze the employment trends in India as revealed by NSSO’s 68th round survey. (150 Words)
- ” River water disputes are impediment to regional cooperation in the South Asian region.” Comment (250 Words)
- Critically examine the protection and enforcement of Human Rights under the UN system. (250 Words)
- Outline the constraints SAARC is facing to emerge as an effective regional organisation.(200 Words)
- What are the determinants of population growth? Discuss comparatively the trends population growth in the developed and the developing countries of the world, mentioning the socio-economic implications of these trends in each case.(250 Words)
- What is BEE rating? What is it used for? (100 Words)
- “ The talk of financial inclusion and inclusive growth is meaningless in the absence of a mass movement for economic democracy.” Critically comment. (200 Words)
- “A Human Rights violation is now conceived as a violation not only of those personally and directly aggrieved but of everybody.” Examine critically the above statement with reference to present scenario of our country and rest of the world. (250 Words)
- Examine the origin, dimensions and implications of Sino-Indian border dispute. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 11/11/2013 (Previous Questions)
- Do you agree with the statement that ‘United Nations is a World Government’ ? Give reasons for your answer. (200 Words)
- In the light of recent European crisis, critically assess the success of regional organizations of countries for cooperation in maters of trade and commerce. How far do geo-political proximities further economic cooperation? (250 Words)
- Explain the various population problems of India and suggest as to how this large human-resource can be made useful in the economic development of the country. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 09/11/2013 – Geography part
- “The successful location of iron and steel plants is largely a matter of transportation costs, not merely of raw materials but also of finished products.” Discuss with illustrate examples. (250 Words)
- With the help of selected examples, explain the relative importance of raw materials, and markets in the location and development of cotton textile industry. (200 Words)
- “Over two thirds of the crop land of the United States is devoted to feed crops and only slightly over one-fifth to food crops.” Discuss the implications of the above statement. Explain with reasons why the conditions are totally different in India. (250 Words)
- Why do rivers flood? State the areas of occurrence of floods in India. (150 Words)
QUESTIONS: 08/11/2011 – Day – 100!
- Domestic resource mobilization, though central to the process of Indian economic growth, is characterized by various constraints. Explain. (CSE 2012/150 words)
- Spell out the object and reasons of Part IV-A of the Constitution of India. Do you support this addition to the constitution of India? Give reasons and also suggest some effective measures to make these provisions more realistic and operational. (250 Words)
- “Powers of Election Commission are not sufficient.” Comment (200 Words)
- Write a note on Manila Declaration,, 1982 (150 Words)
- “The rise of Environmental Crimes in spite of Environmental Legislations is due to absence of adequate punitive methods of sentencing.” Discuss. (200 Words)
- Do local bodies enjoy autonomy in performing their role in the field of economic development and social justice? Comment. (200 Words)
- Write a critical note on the duties of the Prime Minister regarding furnishing of information to the President (200 Words)
- What is International Terrorism? Discuss various actions taken by the United Nations in to eliminate the causes underlying international terrorism. (200 Words)
- What is the significance of good corporate governance? List out some of the important steps taken by the Government of India in this direction.(150 words)
- Comment on the salient recommendations of the Damodaran Committee report on improving business climate in India. (100 words)
- What is Emotional Intelligence? Comment on its role in public administration. (200 Words)
- “North-South Cooperation is historical responsibility, South-South
cooperation is voluntary partnership.” Comment. (200 words)
- ” Either terrorism triumphs or Civilization triumphs.” Comment on the above statement(200 Words)
- Explain the impact of coalition politics on India’s foreign policy since late 1990s. (200 Words)
- Indicate the issues of tensions and conflicts in the relationship between the center and states in the India. How best could they be reconciled?(200 Words)
- Elaborate upon Gandhian versus Nehruvian visions of India’s development. Do you think Gandhian approach is again attracting scholars and the people? Give reasons (250 Words)
- How would you explain the future of Nuclear deterrence? Do you think that Preventive War’ is a good substitute for Nuclear Deterrence? (250 Words)
- “Child marriages perpetrate violence on children and lead to more violence as the girl grows into womanhood.” Critically comment in the light of prevalence of child marriages across India. (250 Word)
- “India’s deep sea mining interests and initiatives are driven by strategic and geopolitical aspirations part from mineral needs.” Comment (150 Words)
- Write a critical note on the India’s naval diplomacy in the South East Asian region.(200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 01/11/2013 (Culture)
- Give an account of impact of Islam on Indian Culture in respect of society, religion and fine arts. (250 Words)
- Give an account of narrative paintings under Akbar and Jahangir. (200 Words)
- Discuss the origin, chronology characteristics and geographical spread Gandhara Art. (150 Words)
- Examine the social and international issues pertaining to child labour and bonded labour in India. (200 Words)
- “New imperialism was a nationalistic, not an economic phenomena.” Comment. (200 Words)
- “The capitalism which gave the European empires their apparent solidarity and
permanence also hastened their downfall.” Comment (200 Words)
- How are non-banking financial institutions important in Indian economy? Analyze. (200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 23/10/2013 (Topics – Freedom Struggle; World History; Diaspora)
- “Both freedom and partition were the work of Indian middle classes.” Comment. (200 Words)
- “The American War of Independence deprived Great Britain of one empire, but it
strengthened the foundations of another” . Comment (200 Words)
- “In Russia, Lenin was the father of socialism, organizer of the revolution and the
founder of the new Russian society. ” Examine the statement . (200 Words)
- What is the government’s policy towards Indian diaspora? Comment on whether it is beneficial to the country, and if so, how? (150 Words)
QUESTIONS: 29/10/2013 (Topics: Culture; World History)
- Do you agree with the view that the form and content of temple architecture in south India between AD 750 and AD 1200 were products of specific economic and political milieu. (200 Words)
- Critically examine the main features of the foreign policy off the Nazi
Germany. (200 Words)
- “The perpetuation of the economic malaise was the main cause of the political
instability of Europe during the next two decades (1919-39).” Explain. (200 Words)
- “President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal had the wit to start the political economy in a fresh, more promising direction”. Do you agree ? (200 Words)
QUESTIONS: 28/10/2013(Topics: Land reforms in India; Food security; Impact of schemes)
- Evaluate the track record of land reform in India in its various aspects, bringing out inter state differences. How would you interpret this record? (250 Words)
- What do you think has been the impact of Targeted Public Distribution System in India on food security for the poor? Justify your answer.(200 Words)
- Analyze the impact of MGNREGA on rural and urban wages and rural migration. (200 Words)
- Critically assess the impact of urbanization on the socio-economic situation in India (150 Words)
- Critically examine the impact of New Industrial policy initiated in 1991 in India. (150 Words)
- Distinguish between cooperative, contractual and corporate farming. Which of these is best suited for India and why? (250 Words)
- Explain why in spite of poverty alleviation schemes, the number of the poor has not fallen very much. (150 Words)
- “The relationship between India and the Central Asian countries despite close historical & cultural contacts has not progressed to the desired extent.” Analyze. (250 Words)
- Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian political system. Evaluate the measures taken so far by the government in this regard. (250 Words)
- What are the preconditions for ‘Humanitarian Intervention’ by one country into another country on the pretext of ‘humanitarian crisis’ ? Critically examine the nature of such recent interventions. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 23/10/2013 (Topics: Executive; Ethics; international relations; urbanization)
- Critically analyze the question of death sentence and Presidential clemency. (250 Words)
- Is there still a role for the concept of balance of power in contemporary international politics? Discuss (2011/200 Words)
- What do you understand by the term ‘counter-urbanization’ in the Indian context? (100 Words)
QUESTIONS: 23/10/2013 (Topics – Freedom Struggle; Vulnerable sections; Parliament; Poverty and Hunger)
- Do you think Mahatma Gandhi’s support to Khilafat Movement had diluted his secular credentials? Give your argument based on the assessment of events. (200 Words)
- What are the implications of gender disparities in India? (200 Words)
- On what grounds can a member be disqualified from either House of Parliament? (200 Words)
- Discuss the causes and ramifications of hunger in Africa. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 22/10/2013 (Topics: Security issues; Agriculture; Regionalism)
- “A major vulnerability of India is the proliferation of illicit small arms and ammunitions manufactured overseas”.Despite this India and other nations abstained to sign the recent Arms Trade Treaty. Why? Comment on the validity of India’s stand and suggest measures to make ATT more conducive. (250 Words)
- Comment on the relationship between credit availability and agricultural growth in India (200 Words)
- Critically examine in which way regionalism has affected the Indian polity. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 21/10/2013 (Topics: Functions of States;Effect of Globalization on Indian Society; Indian Constitution – evolution; Previous Year Questions)
- Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of Indian polity. (250 Words)
- “Globalization has brought about a distinct class divide in India instead of ushering in a classless society.” Critically examine this argument. (250 Words)
- Do you think there is a need for a review of the constitution? Justify your view (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 19/10/2013 (Current Events – US Shutdown; Russia’s foreign policy)
- “The winner in the GOP’s effort to defund or delay implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was the Act itself.” Comment. (200 Words)
- “A resurgent Kremlin is setting the agenda on major world issues and has become more assertive in its foreign policy approach.” Critically comment . (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 18/10/2013 (Topics: Election Commission; Cyber security)
- Should social media campaigning be brought within the ambit of Election Commission’s Model Code of Conduct? What would be the implications of the same, the challenges that may be faced in its implementation and what innovative steps can be taken if these challenges needs to be countered at all? Critically comment (250 Words)
- What are the broad issues associated with the governance of cyberspace? How are they conflicting with each other? Examine.(250 Words)
(Topics: Parliament -structure and functioning; Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive; Issues relating to poverty)
- Bring out the aberrations of the parliamentary system of government in India. (250 Words)
- Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Minister’s Secretariat. Which of these is more important? (200 Words)
- What is the incidence of poverty in India? How should poverty alleviation programmes be constructed? (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: 15/10/2013 (Topics: India culture; Citizen Charters; World History)
- Can religion form a sufficient basis of forming cultural identity in India? Comment (250 Words)
- Do you agree with the view that Citizens’ Charters in India have not succeeded in their objective of making the administrative system citizen-centric? Analyze and give your suggestions in this regard.(250 Words)
- “The Struggle to political democracy has been an arduous struggle throughout – in its generation, formulation, preservation and expansion” Elucidate with respect to significant events in world history. (250 words)
(Topics: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages; Issues relating to poverty; vulnerable sections of the population)
- How did the Government of India Act, 1935 mark a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India? (250 Words)
- What are the social and economic consequences of abolishing child labour in India? (250 Words)
- Explain the social constraints in bringing about gender equality in Indian society. (250 Words)
QUESTIONS: DAY-78 (Topics: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States; Indian constitution features – Previous year questions)
- Comment on the financial relations between the Union and the states in India. Has post-1991 liberalization in any was affected it? (250 Words)
- Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last 20 years has led to real restructuring of the Indian polity?(250 Words)
- Give your views on the right to freedom of religion as enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Do they make India a secular state? (250 Words)
(Topics: India and its neighborhood relations; Issues relating to Development)
- “India’s foreign policy interactions with Israel are marked by a political discreetness which is in contrast to its prominent political engagement with the Palestinians and countries of the Arab world.” Critically analyze (250 Words)
- Discuss economic backwardness as major as a major challenge of Indian democracy. Can democracy and development go together smoothly? (250 Words) – (GS-2006)
(Topics: Security challenges and their management in border areas; indigenization of technology and developing new technology)
- “India’s internal security challenges are inextricably linked with border management.” Examine the statement in the light of various security challenges being faced by India at its borders and their threat to internal security. (250 Words)
- “India’s procurement of weapons platforms and other equipment as part of its plans for defence modernization, must simultaneously lead to a transformative change in the country’s defence technology base and manufacturing prowess.” Critically analyze. (250 Words)
- What are the preconditions for the growth of Civil Society? Is Indian democracy conducive to it? (250 Words)
- Identify the major obstacles in the smooth functioning of Parliamentary democracy in India.(250 Words)
- Suggest concrete measures for the eradication of wide spread corruption in public life in India.(250 Words)
(Topics – Indian culture-Forms of Art; linkages of organized crime with terrorism)
- Write a note on Rajasthani school of painting and its sub-schools with suitable examples. (250 Words)
- Discuss about the linkages between organized crime and terrorism, and potential threats emanating from such linkages in the Indian and global context. (250 Words)
(Topics: Indian culture – medieval architecture; Socialism – forms; Robotics – awareness)
- “Of all the regional developments of the Nagara style that of Orissa is one of the most remarkable. The Orissan temple remains nearest to the original archetype and has justly been described as exhibiting theNagara style in its great purity.” Examine the statement by giving suitable examples. (250 Words)
- ”A decentralist form of market socialism is different from mixed economy and has become a prominent feature of some countries post communism.” Examine.(20 Words)
- What are the laws of robotics and explain why such laws are needed. Do you think Drones operated by USA in war zones conform with these laws? Comment.(250 Words)
(Topics: Important International institution; Awareness in the field of nano-technology)
- “The proliferation of bilateral FTA projects in the Asia-Pacific has become an important new defining feature of the region’s international political economy.” Comment on the statement in the backdrop of slow advancement of decision making process in multilateral forum such as WTO. (250 Words)
- Explain in layman’s terms how nanotechnology promises to make computers faster, efficient and robust in future. (200 Words)
(Topics: Indian Culture – Art Forms; Global groupings and agreements involving India)
- Explain the significance of Bengal School of Art in the modern Indian art movement in Indian painting. (200 Words)
- Examine the implications of India-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement in services and investment for the Indian economy? (200 Words)
(Topics: Biotechnology; Colonization)
- According to Michale Sandel of Harvard University, although screening for disease is ethical, using DNA to select other (desired) characteristics edges close to eugenics. Do you think it is unethical to use new tools of genomics to choose a desired offspring? What are the criticisms of eugenics? Critically comment. (250 Words)
- Analyze the factors behind colonization of Africa by the European powers. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER IV,Topics: issues relating to intellectual property rights; environmental pollution and degradation – current events als0)
- To date, India has issued compulsory licenses or revoked patents for eight advanced pharmaceuticals. Do you think these measures will affect investors and undermine research into the innovative cures of tomorrow? Critically comment. (250 Words)
- IPCC’s summary document of Fifth Assessment Report for policymakers, which was released recently, did not evoke public, media and political interest as much as it had evoked in 2008. In fact, Apathy, lack of interest and even outright denial are more widespread than they were in 2008. Why in your opinion, the rational arguments of science and economics are failing to win the public and policymakers’ attention? (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-IV,Topics: issues of buffer stocks and food security; Indian Economy and issues relating to growth)
- “Food security bill is a populist, but much-needed legislation, enacted without laying the foreign policy foundations for its continued existence.” Examine. (200 Words)
- “while economic growth is an important boon for enhancing living conditions, its reach depends greatly on what we do with the fruits of growth.” Comment. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER II, Topics:Capitalism – its forms and effect on the society; salient aspects of Indian architecture)
- Do you agree with the assessment that the state capitalism, a form of capitalism practiced by emerging market economies, in recent years has gained the upper hand over the liberal capitalism of the west? Analyze. (250 Words)
- “Architecture traditionally, i.e., before the arrival of British on the Indian soil, was from the social point of view, a creation of spectacular sculptural forms hewn out of stone.” Comment on this view. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER II,Topics: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages; poverty and developmental issues)
- “Looking back, I am surprised at their achievements during a brief period of two years and a quarter, despite the innumerable difficulties that surrounded them.” Comment on the legislative and administrative record of the Congress Ministries between 1937-39 in the light of this statement. (250 Words)
- “Broad economic stability, competitive markets, and public investment in physical and social infrastructure are widely recognized as important requirements for achieving sustained economic growth and a reduction in rural poverty.” Critically analyze. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER III, Topics: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary – Previous questions)
- “In an era of hung parliaments the power of the President expands, more so when the incumbent decides to be assertive. ” Comment on the statement with reference to the situation in India during the last twenty five years. (250 Words)
- ”…..Judges and courts have creatively reinterpreted their statutory authority and expanded their own power and enhanced their standing vis-a-vis legislature and executive.” Critically examine this assessment. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-III,Topics: Development processes and the development industry- the role of SHGs; India and its neighborhood- relations.)
- “SHGs are gaining importance as both a political force and as a channel for government benefits.” Comment. (250 Words)
- “Instead of influencing the course of the political process, India might benefit by re-focusing its attention on long term economic relations and in building human resource capacities in Nepal.” Critically analyze. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-III,Topics: pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity; Parliament – powers & privileges and issues arising out of these; Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes)
- “Although individuals within a representative democracy possess rights, allowing them to lobby parliamentarians and governments concerning pertinent issues, a collective approach can often exert more powerful pressure on decision makers, as well as consolidating a range of similar ideas and opinions into a cohesive format”. Elaborate. (250 Words)
- “The freedom of speech available to the members on the floor of the House
is different from that available to the citizens under article 19(2).” Comment. (200 Words)
- “India is increasingly overburdening its economy with unsustainable welfare schemes, especially using them as a political tool for gaining election mileage.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER III,Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests; powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies – Questions from previous years)
- To what extent is India’s policy in regard to Afghanistan is dictated by a vision of ’Global South’ , rather than compulsion?(250 Words)
- “The Comptroller and Auditor- General (CAG) of India is a prosecutor with a law that hobbles its functioning, a judge without the power to sentence and a litigant with no right to appeal.” Comment. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER III, Topic:Current Events – International Relations; Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation)
- “Kenya’s own interests led to the launch of Operation Linda Nchi and the repercussions have not been pleasant so far.” Comment. (250 Words)
- Examine the critical issues in higher education sector in India and how the 12th Five Year plan seeks to address them. (250 Words)
- Evaluate the evolving economic relationship between India and Bangladesh . (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER III, Topics: India and its neighbors – current event; issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure – previous year question -2000)
- “Since 2011, when the Tamil Northern Alliance won a decisive local elections in Sri Lanka’s North, the disillusionment of the people in the region has only grown larger with the Sri Lankan government.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
- Discuss the major extra constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER II, Topics:Industrial Revolution; World Wars)
- “In western Europe, economic change produced massive social consequences during the first half of the 19th century. ” Elaborate.(250 Words)
- “The Holocaust also shows us how a combination of events and attitudes can erode a society’s democratic values.” Examine the events that led to systematic extermination of Jews in Europe during the World War II. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-II, Topic:Freedom struggle – its various stages and important contributors – previous year questions)
- Why and how did the Congress came to accept the partition of the country? (250 Words)
- Evaluate Subhash Chandra Bose’s contribution to India’s freedom.(200 Words)
- Critically assess Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru’s views on Indian Nationalism. (200 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER II, Topics– political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
- “The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.” Comment on the main criticisms of capitalism. (250 Words)
- “The Vietnam War was the longest and most unpopular war in which Americans ever fought.” Explain the factors that led to the US involvement in Vietnam war and why it was unpopular with the Americans. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER IV,topics: money-laundering and its prevention; Challenges to internal security through communication networks…)
- “The Liberty Reserve case shows that data thefts, hacking attacks and online scams are replacing the traditional crimes and the digital currency is now at the center of the money laundering operations.” Do you think measures taken by the Indian government and RBI are effective in preventing cases like Liberty Reserve in India? Give your opinion. (250 Words)
- Examine how internet is used as a tool to spread and propagate terrorism in India. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-IV, Topics; Inclusive growth and issues arising from it; mobilization of resources)
- “During the Eleventh Plan period, India slipped from 127th rank to 134 rank in the HDI rankings despite the ‘inclusive growth’ strategy adopted during the period. ” Critically comment. (250 Words)
- “The Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development places the mobilization of domestic financial resources for development at the centre of the pursuit of economic growth, poverty eradication and sustainable development.” Examine the role of banks in resource mobilization in India. (250 Words)
[GENERAL STUDIES PAPER IV,Topics; Investment models + Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services (from Paper-III); Linkages between development and spread of extremism)
- “Resort to PPPs in the social sector often raises concerns about the commercialization of services that are normally expected to be provided free or highly subsidized.” Comment. (250 Words)
- “While development is a useful tool against Maoist extremism, it is imperative that a semblance of order precede injection of resources into the extremist-affected areas.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES-PAPER-II, Topics:Freedom Struggle – different phases; Role of Women)
- “The nationalist leadership failed to some extent in raising the political consciousness of Muslims to the higher plane of secular political consciousness.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
- Evaluate to what extent has the reservation for women in Panchayats empowered them? Throw light on major factors hindering their active participation in Panchayats. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-II, Topics:Freedom Struggle-contributions from different parts of the country;History of the world – redrawal of national boundaries)
- “The policy of non-intervention by the Congress was, in my opinion, a perfect piece of statesmanship when the people of the States were not awakened…..The moment they became ready, the legal, constitutional and artificial boundary was destroyed.” Comment.(250 Words)
- “The fall of Berlin Wall facilitated the European integration.” Discuss.(250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-III,Topics: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate; Issues relating to poverty and hunger)
- “The promise of more effective global economic governance aftermath the 2008 Financial crisis remains unfulfilled.” Critically comment on the steps taken by the key global institutions in the light of the given statement. (250 Words)
- Does India need a poverty line ?Give your opinion in the light of recent controversies over the estimates of poverty line. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES – PAPER III,TOPICS: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs)
- Analyze the merits and demerits of creating an all India Judicial Services? (250 Words)
- “The history of the 20th century has persuasively demonstrated the inability of the welfare state and free enterprise to create just and sustainable societies.” In the light of the given statement, with suitable examples analyze the role of NGOs in advancing the development process. (250 Words)
(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER III, TOPICS: Bilateral; Appointment to various Constitutional posts)
- “Korea and India earlier had perceived each other on the wrong side of the Cold War and had minimal contacts.” Analyze how relation between India and Korea has evolved post Cold War. (250 Words)
- “The power of appointment to the constitutional and other key posts should be kept outside the exclusive power of the Executive.” Critically examine the controversies surrounding the appointment of CAG and CVC in the light of the Supreme Court’s recent judgement on the issue. (250 Words)
- Is the suggestion that the Constitution should be amplified, by inserting in it provisions relating to matters on which it is silent, or it is left to conventions or the goodwill of those who are to administer those matters respectively, justified? Explain with suitable examples.(250 Words)
- “The political future of the countries of Southeast Asia, considered in relation to their economic development and their security, is indissolubly bound up with India’. Critically comment. (250 Words)
- Briefly explain the position of various items of business pending before the Lok Sabha at the time of dissolution of the House. (150 Words)
- “The increasing trend of Western countries moving their manufacturing functions to low-cost countries, and the likely prospect of India emerging as a manufacturing outsourcing hub, is expected to contribute to the growth of the country’s marine industry” – Has Indian marine industry lived up to the expectation? Critically examine the problems and recent regulatory and policy measures taken by the government to develop this sector. (250 Words)
- “In India, the fragmented and unreliable supply chain corrodes the profitability of food processing sector and makes it unattractive for large investments.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
- MucoRice-ARP1 (100 Words)
- “The PFRDA Bill, 2011, seeks to give statutory status to the interim PFRDA, define its powers and duties, and set the broad contours of the NPS.” Elaborate. (250 Words)
- Explain the important provisions and the significance of Responsible Electronics Recycling Act. (250 Words)
- Write a critical note on recently approved proposals for brownfield FDI in the pharmaceutical sector. (150 Words)
- “The APMC Act, designed to protect farmers from the vagaries of the market, has been turned on its head to enrich traders and harm farmers.” Critically comment. (250 Words)
- “ GSLV launch is dubbed as a game changer given the critical urgency of its success for future Indian space odysseys.” Comment. (250 Words)
- Write a note on National Mission on Micro Irrigation (150 Words)
- “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.(250 Words)
- Explain the working of Tsunami Warning System in India. (200 Words)
- Give an account of the movement for female enfranchisement during the Indian national movement. (250 Words)
- “The Spanish Civil War was an outcome of a polarization of Spanish life and politics that had developed over previous decades.” Explain. (150 Words)
- “A quarrel in a far away country between people of whom we know nothing.” Explain why did the appeasement policy failed to prevent the outbreak of Second World War in 1939? (250 Words)
- “Africa is much worse off today than it was a decade ago because African economists and the world bodies have a poor perception of the African economic problem and so designed SAP—a program which cannot stimulate growth.” Explain why SAP instead of preventing poverty, exacerbated it. (250 Words)
- “Communalism does not reflect any social truth: what it declares to be the social reality is not the social reality; what it declares to be the causes of social discontent are not the causes; and what it declares to be the solutions of the social malady are not the solutions – in fact it is itself a social malady.” Critically examine the characteristics of communalism in the Indian context in the light of the given statement. (250 Words)
- “…Can you show me an example in history where the state has tolerated violent defiance of authority for a single day? But here you know that the Government is puzzled and perplexed.” Comment on the statement (250 Words)
- Write a critical note on “National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project” (NCRMP) (150 Words)
- How does the Parliament control the financial system in India? (250 Words)
- Highlight the significance of the 24th Amendment to the Constitution of India? (250 Words)
- Recent India – Bhutan relations (150 Words)
- Examine the important features of the National Cyber Security Policy 2013. (250 Words)
- How does depreciating Rupee affect the CAD and Fiscal deficit? Explain. (250 Words)
- Comment on the EIA process for nuclear facilities in India with an example. (200 words)
- Highlight the nature of the land reforms still needed in the country.(250 Words)
- How is agricultural price policy is determined in India? Does the process take note of agricultural subsidies? (200 Words)
- Examine the causes of fiscal deficit in India. (150 Words)
- “The ideal of making Hindi the link language of the country still remains”. Critically examine the evolution of Hindi and its role as the India’s official language. (250 words)
- How did the policy of free trade hurt Indian textile industry and crafts in the latter half of the nineteenth century? (250 words)
- Which parts of India have been identified as Drought-prone? Mention the norms for such identification. (150 words)
- ”The American revolution was essentially an economic conflict between American capitalism and British Mercantilism”. Critically examine. (250 words)
- Bring out some positive and negative social consequences of Green revolution. How has Green revolution changed the rural social structure? (250 words)
- Factors responsible for the location of steel industry in the Ruhr region (100 words)
1) Discuss the problems that impeded the integration of the princely states into the Indian Union. How were these problems tackled? (250 words)
2) Discuss the factors that lead to the formation of Israel. Why its formation is a controversial issue in the region? (250 words)
3) Enumerate salient features of rural society in India. (150 words)
1)What are the main determinants of voting behaviour in India?
2)“The conditions of the urban poor are more deplorable than that of their rural counterparts”. Give your views.
3) Mandate and structure of OPCW (150 words)
1)Comment on the performance of India recently as a non-permanent member in the UNSC .
2)What do you understand by the term ‘Rule of Law’? How does the constitution of India seeks to establish it? (GS 1996)
3) Write a note on the Sino-ASEAN strategic relationship (150 words)
1)“Crops in their centres of origin and diversity often have a deep cultural significance that can easily get lost when utilitarian issues dominate the discourse”. Examine the statement in the backdrop of the controversy over allowing field trials of Bt transgenics in certain food crops in India.
2)Analyze how CISADA has affected the ties between India and Iran.
3) What are the important features of Drugs and cosmetics act, 2013?(100 words)
1)How did the movement for the liberation of women receive a great stimulus from the rise and growth of the nationalist movement?
2)Form a critical assessment of the non-cooperation movement.
3) Meaning and aim of Social Forestry.(150 words)
- “BRICS bank will not supplant but supplement World Bank and IMF”. Comment.
1) What were the proposals of the Cabinet Mission? Analyze the reactions of the Congress and the League to the proposals.
2)How did economic nationalism mirror the work of the early nationalist leadership in India?
3) Write a note on Mughal Architecture (150 words)
1) Describe the salient features of Basohli and Kangra schools of art and briefly explain the influences of other art forms on these schools.
2)“The essence of our struggle for freedom was the unleashing of a liberating force in India. This force did not even affect the frontier people in one of the most important tribal areas”. Comment.
3) Intertropical Convergence Zone and Monsoon.(100 words)
Challenge – 18/08/2013 (No Questions were asked)
1) “The recommendations of the second ARC on reforming the civil service are radical yet implementable”. Examine.
2)Examine the role of the Finance ministry of the Union government in designing and implementing monetary and fiscal policies.
3) Ethnic conflicts in South Asia.(100 words)
1) Examine the relevance of Directive Principles in the era of liberalization and globalization.
2) “NAFTA has curbed the illegal immigration of Mexicans to USA and Canada”. Critically comment.
3) SHG and Women empowerment.(100 words)
1)Why is ‘affirmative action’ important in provision of equal opportunity?
2)Examine the Gandhian idea of village community as an ideal unit of self governance.
3) Role of NCW in India (100 words)
1)“During the Indian national movement, the Left succeeded in making an impact on Indian society and politics”. Analyze.
2)Do you think that the Quit India movement was a Spontaneous Revolution?
3) Sea Floor Spreading (100 words)
1)“The essence of Perestroika is for people to feel they are the country’s masters”. Critically evaluate.
2)Bring out your perspectives on the plausible aims of the NAM in the post-cold war period.
3) Impact of cryosphere on global climate. (100 words)
1)“The peasant movements of the second half of the nineteenth century lacked a positive conception of an alternative society – a conception which would unite the people in a common struggle on a wide regional and all-India plane and help develop a long term political developments”. Critically examine.
2)“The railways, instead of serving as the catalyst for an Industrial revolution as in Western Europe and the USA, acted in India as – ‘the catalyst of complete colonization’.” Critically examine.
1)Comment on the role of ISRO in making India a space power and briefly explain on its proposed initiatives for the future.
2)Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India has adversely affected the settlement of the outstanding border problem? (GS 2012)
1)“India is losing its strategic influence in the Indian ocean region”. In the light of the recent developments in the region, critically analyze the statement.
2)Critically comment on the extent, scope and implications of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in India.
1)Discuss the demands and expectations of Indian diaspora in the North America from their host countries. Are these demands justified? Critically examine.
2)“Foreign investment is far from being critical to India’s economic growth”. Critically comment. (2009, GS-II)
1)Briefly explain how fast breeder reactors differ from regular nuclear power plants? Comment briefly on their significance for India’s nuclear energy programme.
2)What are the areas of cooperation for India and China in the international arena? Discuss.
1)What was the effect of Russian Nihilism and Irish nationalism on the Indian national movement? Evaluate.
2)Which factors accelerated the process of decolonization post World War II? Explain the role played by the UN and US in this process.
1)Explain the major criticisms of civil services and evaluate its changing role in the Indian democracy since independence.
2)“Agenda 21 is aimed at integrating environmental imperatives with developmental aspirations”. Elaborate
1)Discuss the triggers for rapid Industrialization process in Western Europe and its growth during the nineteenth century.
2)Explain the factors responsible for the location and distribution of software industry in India.
1)Why is UNSC reforms needed? What are India’s concerns and views about it? Explain.
2)What is regionalism? Critically comment on its significance in India.
1)Discuss the causes and consequences of desertification in India.
2)Analyze the functioning of PDS in India and bring out its limitations.
1) “It is a fact that most of the corrupt come from the O.B.C.s and the scheduled caste and now increasingly the scheduled tribes. And as long as this is the case, the Indian republic will survive.” Critically analyze the statement. (300 words)
2)“The basic structure doctrine is an embargo upon the Parliamentary supremacy”. Critically comment. (300 words)
1) In your view, what should be India’s strategy in Afghanistan after the US exit from that country? Discuss.
2)India is fighting war on many fronts. Analyze the basic causes of terrorism and insurgency and the effectiveness of state response in dealing with these threats.
1) When it comes to MDG 5, India’s record is poor. What are the measures taken by the government and private sector, if any, to fulfill MDG 5. Do you think apart from economic reasons, are there also sociological aspects that are hindering India’s efforts? Discuss.
2)Explain the growth of communism in India. Has it lost its relevance in the post liberalization era? Critically comment.
1) What is malnutrition and undernourishment? Why is India according to some reports, in spite of surplus food grain production, home to a large number of stunted, wasted and underweight children in the world? Explain. (300 Words)
2)“In the post-independence India, the myth of Balkanization was belied by the peaceful reorganization of India into various linguistic states. Few decades later, development is taking precedence over language in deciding the dynamics of states’ reorganization”. Critically comment.
1) In the light of WGEEP report and HLWG report on Western Ghats, discuss the major recommendations and their implications – if implemented – on the stakeholders of the region.
2)“In the Indian context, sustainable development and urbanization are antithetical to each other”. Comment.
1) “The so called ‘empowerment’ of women in the local bodies has increased their numerical strength but the real reform lies in creating an enabling environment to unlock their potential as catalysts for socio-political change” Critically comment.
2)”In Britain, empire was justified as a benevolent ‘white man’s burden’. And in the United States, empire does not even exist; ‘we’ are merely protecting the causes of freedom, democracy, and justice worldwide.” Critically analyze the different ways in which imperialism manifested from both sides of the Atlantic.
1) In India, despite consistent economic planning and robust economic growth in recent years, there is a consistent increase in economic inequality. Explain why?
2) ”Global warming and a race for resources could spark a new ‘cold war’ in the Arctic”. Critically analyze.
1) ASER findings have exposed serious shortcomings in the quality of education provided to our children in spite of SSA and RTE implementation. What measures do you suggest to overcome these shortcomings? Discuss.
2) Why did India sign the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage and what were its consequences? Analyze critically the political and diplomatic implications of this step by India.
1) What role did Parliament play in finalizing the India-US nuclear deal? Discuss.
2) On what grounds India is opposing both NPT and CTBT. Critically analyze.
1)” The seeds of the World War II were sown at a peace treaty held in a grand Palace in France.” Elaborate.
2) Has UN been successful in maintaining the world peace in the post cold war scenario? Critically discuss.
1) “With the disintegration of USSR and an end to the cold war, the international diplomacy took a new turn”. Critically examine.
2) The latest census shows us declining sex-ratio in some of the states states – Discuss the socio-cultural factors contributing to this disturbing trend.
1) During the Indian national movement for freedom, constructive work played an important role in Gandhian strategy. Discuss its nature and outcome.
2) “She is a goddess to millions yet helpless on the streets. The solution is in the mindset not laws”. Discuss.
1) “The growth of the Indian economic class in the colonial period was substantial that too in spite of and in opposition to colonialism” Comment.
2) ” The changing bilateral equations between India and Japan reflects the increasing importance of India to the Asia-Pacific region”. Critically Analyze.
1) “The Snowden saga has brought out underlying tensions in the international diplomacy”. Critically comment.
2) Is democracy a viable alternative form of government for some of the countries in the WANA region? Substantiate your answer in the light of recent developments in the region